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Quality Control Bioferts-1

Quality Control Bioferts-1

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Published by: dars23 on Mar 14, 2009
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05/10/2014

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B. MISHRA
Department of Soil Science & Agricultural ChemistryBIRSA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITYRANCHI-834006, INDIA
QUALITY CONTROLOFBIOFERTILIZERS ANDORGANIC MANURES
In context of INM & Organic farming there isneed to seek alternative nutrient sources whichshould becheap and ecofriendlyso thatfarmers may be able to reduce the investmentmade on fertilizer with maintaining good soilenvironmental conditions leading to ecologicalsustainable farming. Therefore, there is a needof go for the use organic manures &biofertilizers, which are indigenous, cheap &ecofriendly. It is urgent need of the day thattheir quality should be monitered, throughauthentic agency.
 
BIOFERTILIZERS
“Microbial Inoculantor culture is the mostappropriate name of biofertilizer.Biofertilizerscan be defined as thepreparation containing high concentrations;specialized living microorganism and areable to fix nitrogen solubilize& mobilizephosphorus and Potash, including cellulosedecomposing microorganisms for rapiddecomposition.
QUALITY CONTROL OFBIOFERTILZERS
Quality has to be controlled at variousstages of production, marketing & storage.Mother culture stageMixing of broth with carrieCarrier selection & standardizationDuring packing & storage.Starter culture or broth culture stageRandom sample testing at farmer’s level.
 
Indian standard specification for Rhizobium
Nodulation test + Ve. Result in 50% or more drymatter than controlPot culture testothers10.Should pass through 150-212 micron IS (72-100mesh.Carrier9.Should be checked by several test & serologicallyStrain8.35-40%Moisture %7.6.0-7.5PH6.No contamination at 10
8
dilutionPermissiblecontamination5.6 months from the date of manufactureShe If life orexpiry period4.10
7
cells/g within 15 days before expiry dateCell no at the timeof expiry3.10
9
cells/g carrier within 15 days of manufactureViable cells2.Carrier basedBase1.
RhizobiumInoculantIS 8268-2001ParametersS.N.
Indian standard specification for Azotobacter 
Minimum amount of N-fixation not less than 10mg/g of sucrose utilized.Pot culture testothers10.Should pass through 100 micron IS sieveCarrier9.A. ChroococcummentionedStrain8.35-40%Moisture %7.6.0-7.5PH6.No contamination at 10
5
dilutionPermissiblecontamination5.6 months from the date of manufactureShe If life orexpiry period4.10
6
cells/g within 15 days before expiry dateCell no at the timeof expiry3.10
7
cells/g of carrier within 15 days manufacture.Viable cells2.Carrier basedBase1.
Azotobacter InoculantIS 9138-2002ParametersS.N.
Indian standard specification for Azospirillum
Effective root development on all cropsagainst which the inoculantis intended to beused. There should be 10% increase in theplants cover the dry mass of unioculatedcontrol.Plant test phosphatesolublization8.Peat lignite peat soil, charcoal in form of powderCarrier material7.35-40%Moisture %6.7-8.0pH5.Not < 6 monthShelf life/expiry date4.106 cells/g of carrier within 15 days be forexpiryViable cells at the timeof expiry3.10
7
cells /g of carrier with in 15 days of manufactureViable cell cont at thetime of manufacture2.Carrier basedBase1.Azospirillum InoculentIS 14806:2000ParametersS.N.
Indian standard specification for phosphate solublizinginoculants
Phosphate solublizingability in the range of 35-50%and in terms of zone formation, minimum 10 mmsolublizationzone.Plant test phosphatesolublization8.Peat lignite peat soil, charcoal in the form of powderCarrier material7.35-40%Moisture %6.6.5-7.5pH5.Not < 6 monthShelf life/expiry date4.106 cells/g of carrier within 15 days be for expiryViable cells at thetime of expiry3.10
7
cells /g of carrierViable cell cont atthe time of manufacture2.Carrier basedBase1.
Phsophatesolubilizinginoculants IS 14807-2000ParametersS.N.
 
INOCULANT SHALL BE PACKED IN 50-75MICRON 1000 DENSITY POLY THINE PACKETSHOULD BE MARKED LEGIBLY
Name of the product
Name & address of manufacturer 
Name of the carrier 
Batch number 
Date of manufacture
Date of expiry
Net mass
Crop for which intended
Storage instruction –15-30
°±
.2
Problems in Biofertilizers
Unawareness & unavailability of bio-fertilizers to the farmers
Some time poor quality biofertilizers
Expired date inoculantreach to farmerswhich are in effective
Unsuitable transport & storage systemmay create high temp, which destroythe microbial population in inoculants.
Types of Organic manures
Night soil
Biogas slurry
Sewage & sludge
Pig, poultry, Goat, Sheep manure
Green manuring
FYM
Compost
Farm /Rural compost
Town compost
Mechanical compost
Enriched compost
Phosphocompost
Vermicompost
Bulky Organic Manure
Concentrated O.M.
Non edible & Edible OilcakesBlood mealMeat mealHorn & hoof mealWool waste

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