Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in MaliI. Introduction
The present report is submitted pursuant to SecurityCouncil resolution 2085 (2012) of 20 December 2012, inwhich the Council requested that I report on theimplementation of the resolution. The report summarizesmajor political and security developments in Mali since theadoption of the resolution and outlines themultidimensional response of the United Nations to thecrisis, while making recommendations on the way forward.This report also responds to the request of the SecurityCouncil, as conveyed in a 27 February letter from thePresident of the Security Council to the Secretary-General(S/2013/129), to include in this report recommendations,
for the Council’s consideration
, on options for establishinga United Nations peacekeeping operation, in reference tothe 12 February letter from the interim President of Mali,Mr. Dioncounda Traoré, to the Secretary-General(S/2013/113) in which he envisages the transformation of the African-led International Support Mission in Mali(AFISMA) into a United Nations stabilization and peacekeeping operation.
II. Update on political and security developments
2. The political and security situation in Mali evolvedsignificantly over the reporting period as a result of theFrench and African military operations alongside theMalian army in northern areas and the adoption of atransition road map by the national authorities.3. The security situation underwent a seriousdeterioration in early January. On 5 January, elements of Ansar Dine and the Movement for Unity and Jihad in WestAfrica (MUJAO), with the support of Al-Qaida in theIslamic Maghreb (AQIM), advanced southwards. On 8January, they clashed with the Malian army north of thetown of Konna, some 680 kilometres from Bamako,forcing the soldiers to withdraw the next day. At the time,Konna was the last Government-controlled town north of the key city of Mopti and the Malian defence and securityforces base in Sévaré. Terrorist and other armed elementsalso advanced in the west, taking control of the town of Diabaly on 14 January.4. The capture of Konna by extremist groups led theMalian transitional authorities to request the assistance of
France to defend Mali’s sovereignty and r
estore itsterritorial integrity. In response, military operations against