Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
5C Grammar Bank

5C Grammar Bank

Ratings: (0)|Views: 808 |Likes:
Published by AndreiFilip
Grammar
Grammar

More info:

Published by: AndreiFilip on Mar 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPTX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/28/2013

pdf

text

original

 
5C
gerunds and infinitives
complex gerunds and infinitives
 
We use a passive gerund (
being done
) or a passive infinitive (
to be done
)to describe actions which are done to the subject.She loves
being told
how pretty she is.
I’m tired of 
being lied to
. I want the truth.
It’s very difficult
to get promoted
in this company.My car needs
to be serviced
.We use a perfect gerund (
having done
) or a perfect infinitive (
to have done
)if we want to emphasize that an action is completed or in the past.He thanked them for 
having helped
him.
Having studied
one language before makes it easier to learn another.
How wonderful
to have finished
all our exams!
By the time I’m 30, I hope
to have started
a family.
Often there is no difference between using a simple gerund or infinitive
and a perfect gerund or infinitive, e.g.
He denied stealing 
/
having stolen the money.It was our fault. We were silly not to lock 
/
not to have locked the car.
 
5C
gerunds and infinitives
complex gerunds and infinitives
 
We use the perfect infinitive after 
would like
,
would love
,
would hate
,
would  prefer 
, and
would rather 
to talk about an earlier action. Compare:
I would like to see the Eiffel Tower.
= when I go to Paris in the future.
I would like to have seen the Eiffel Tower.
 
= I was in Paris, but I didn’t see it.
 I would like
to have seen
 
your face when they told you you’d won the competition!
 We would rather 
have stayed
in a more central hotel, but they were all full.We use a continuous infinitive (
to be
+ verb +
-ing 
) to say that an action/eventis in progress around the time we are talking about.
I’d like
to be lying
on the beach right now.She seems
to be coughing
a lot
 –
 
do you think she’s OK?
 
 
5C
gerunds and infinitives
other uses of gerunds and infinitives
We use the gerund after certain expressions with
it 
or 
there
, e.g.
It’s no use
,
There’s no point 
,
It’s not worth
, etc.
It’s no use worrying
. There’s nothing you can do.
 
Is there any point
(
in
)
asking
him? He never has anything useful to say.
It’s no good talking
 
to my dad because he doesn’t listen to me.
 
We use the infinitive with
to
:
- after nouns formed from verbs which take the infinitive, e.g.
agree
,
 plan
,
hope
, etc.We had
an agreement to share
the costs.Our 
plan
is
to leave
on Saturday.- after expressions with quantifiers, e.g.
enough
,
too much
,
a lot 
,
 plenty of 
, etc.
You can’t visit the Louvre in a day –
 
there’s
too much to see
.
There wasn’t
enough
snow for us
to ski
.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->