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Anagraw n Yisem (Allaoua Rabehi ?)

Anagraw n Yisem (Allaoua Rabehi ?)

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Published by: idlisen on Mar 28, 2013
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03/28/2013

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 __ 1
 Anagraw n yisem 
 Agbur 
 Tazwert
Amgared gar yisem d umyag deg sin n yiswiren : tal
 γ
iwin d twuri.
I.
 
 Times
 γ
ariwin tigensanin
1.
 
Unti2.
 
Asget3.
 
Addad amaruz
II.
 
 Times
 γ
ariwin timezzayin
1.
 
Tal
 γ
iwin n usuddem
a)
 
Isem n tigawt
 b)
 
Isem n umeskar
c)
 
Isem n wallal
d)
 
Arbib
2.
 
Arbib ameskan3.
 
Awsil n yisem
III.
 
 AsuddesIV.
 
 Amqim
1.
 
Amqim udmawan
a)
 
Amqim ilellib)
 
Amqim awsil
2.
 
Amqim arudmawan
a)
 
Amqim ameskanb)
 
Amqim amattarc)
 
Amqim amassa
 γ
 d)
 
Amqim arbadu
 V.
 
 Tiwuriwin n yisem
1.
 
Ase
 γ
ru (tafyirt tanisemt)
2.
 
Asemmad (tafyirt tanisemt, tafyirt tanemyagt)
a)
 
Asemmad imsegzi
b)
 
Asemmad usrid
c)
 
Asemmad arusrid (tinza
 γ
)
d)
 
Asemmad ilelli
 
 __ 2
 Tawsit
Tawsit, deg tjerrumt, d asmil (‘‘catégorie’’) yersen
 γ
ef umgired n tuzzuft. Da tawsit d tawsit nugama, i nettaf tikwal kan deg tutlayin tigamanin.
axxam
~
taxxamt 
,
izi
 
~
 
tizit 
,
uzzal
 
~
 
tuzzalt 
ur yelli d tanmegla n tuzzuft.Da tawsit, d tal
 γ
a kan, ur telli deg unamek. Deg tefransist, tatalyant, taspenyult, ta
ε
rabt, llantsnat tewsatin n tal
 γ
a : amalay d wunti. Deg talmant, tarusit, llant kradet n tewsatin : amalay,unti, arawsan.Deg tesnilest, deg tefransist d amedya, s umata tawsit ur telli d awalec (awal n tjerrumt :‘‘monème’’), acku ur d-ittekk seg ufran deg tmeslayt. Ma yella yisem kan, tedda-d yid-s tewsit-is : ur yezmir yiwen ad d-yini
 poire
war ma yenna-t-id deg wunti, ur yezmir ad as-d-yefrenamalay. Tawsit akked tuzzuft mgaradent :
cuisinier 
~
 
cuisinière
deg-s tanmegla n tewsit, deg-stanmegla n umawal.Deg tmazi
 γ
t, tawsit d awalec, d asmil n tjerrumt acku amalay d wunti mgaraden deg tal
 γ
a dunamek.I.
 
Deg tal
 γ
a, yebded (yesttwasebdad) wunti
 γ
ef umalay s tmerna n
 t
 γ
er tazwara dtaggara n yisem.II.
 
Deg unamek, assa
 γ
gar umalay d wunti yezmer ad yili :1.
 
d assa
 γ
n tuzzuft : awtem
~
tawtemt
abarar 
~
 
tabarart 
;
ame
čč 
uk
 
~
tame
čč 
ukt 
;
aqcic
~
taqcict 
;
 
aserdun
~
 
taserdunt 
;
agmar 
~
 
tagmart 
;
aydi
~
 
taydit 
;
afunas
~
 
tafunast 
; atg.2.
 
d assa
 γ
n usem
i/asem
 γ
er
 
amagnu
~
ame
ẓẓ
 yan :
axxam
~
 
taxxamt 
;
abuqal
~
 
tabuqalt 
;
afus
 
~
 
tafust 
; atg.
 
ameqqran
~
amagnu :
awwur 
~
 
tawwurt 
; atg.3.
 
d assa
 γ
n usmenyir
argaz
 
~
 
targazt 
;
ame
ṭṭ 
u
 
~
tame
ṭṭ 
ut 
; (
ame
γ 
riw
 
~
 
tame
γ 
ra
) ; atg.4.
 
d assa
 γ
agraw-aferdis
aslen
~
 
taslent 
;
agusim
~
 
tagusimt 
;
azemmur 
~
 
tazemmurt 
; atg.5.
 
d assa
 γ
n wanzi
izi
~
 
tizit 
;
uzzal
~
 
truzzalt 
;
amur 
~
 
tamurt 
;
asaru
~
 
tasarut 
; atg.Tamawina)
 
Kra n yismawen, am
tala
,
tama
,
taga
,
tili
,
tidi
,
tizi
,
timmi
,
tigemmi
,
tamusni
,
tasusmi
,
tilelli
,
 tagrawla
, ur llin d untiyen n tidet, acku ur lin amalay ; am kra n yismawen
la
 ẓ
,
 fad
.Ismawen-a tettban-d tewsit-nsen deg tefyirt :
Tasusmi d weltma-s n tmusni. Teccef-itt-id tidi. Te
čč 
ur timmi-s.Fad d gma-s n la
 ẓ
. Deg tmurt n waman, yen
γ 
a-t fad
.b)
 
(a)yis
~
 
γ 
allit 
;
ikerri
~
 
tixsi
;
argaz
~
 
tame
ṭṭ 
ut 
;
ales
~
 
tame
ṭṭ 
 
d assa
 γ
n tuzzuft maca ur yellid assa
 γ
n tewsit.
γ 
allit 
,
tixsi
,
tame
ṭṭ 
ut 
, ur llin d unti n
(a)yis
,
ikerri
,
argaz
.
tame
ṭṭ 
, amalay-ines
 *ame
, lemmer yelli ;
ales
, unti-ines
 *talest 
, iseg d-yekka
tullas
n teqbaylit.c)
 
S umata, tal
 γ
a n wunti deg umatar udmawan akked yimqimen, d
 t
.
ella
,
an
a
,
netta
,
ddan
,
wwin-t 
(amalay,
wwin-t( 
ə
 )
(unti), atg.
 
 __ 3
Kkes-d deg u
ris s kra d-yeskanen unti, temmeslaye
-d
 γ
ef-s.
Zed
 γ
e
 γ
deg Bilkur, deg lasiti
Lbi
a
. At lasiti sawalen-as da
 γ
en :
 
le quartier chinois.
 L
asun, ur telli d tamellalt, ur tt-zdi
 γ
en
les Chinois
.
 
Nnig lasiti-nne
 γ
i tuli tqebbet n Ccix Bu-qebrin (bu sin n yi
ekwan).Bu-qebrin-a,
 γ
ef wakken d-qqaren —
 γ
ef yimawen-nsen, d yiwen seg widen ibeddendeg ubrid i Marical Bugeaud. Akabar a
 γ
elnaw yerra-t d amazun n Rebbi deg ddunit, ireqqem-as taqebbet tt
urun-tt-id seg yal tamna
t n tmurt, tikwal ula seg tuddar n Leqbayel.Asmi lli
 γ
d acawrar zgi
 γ
ttnem
are
 γ
din : jem
ε
e
 γ
-d idrimen d tcemma
ε
in n-tta
ğğ
anttem
 γ
arin d l
eq n
ẓẓ
 yara. Tura, meqqre
 γ
. Akka i yi-d-teqqar yemma. Maca, nek ur gzi
 γ
ara dacu-yi : d argaz, d ilem
i ne
 γ
, d tidet, d acawrar ? Anagar yemma i ye
ran. Nettat, ulac asteqsi iwimi ur tettaf tifrat. Teqqar-iyi-d, tikwal mi ara xedme
 γ
kra ur as-ne
εğ
ib : « Ne
 γ
tura ke
č
dargaz ! » Ihi, nek d argaz. Timsal,
 γ
ur yemma, teddunt snat snat : mellul ne
 γ
berrik, yelha ne
 γ
 diri-t, d le
ram ne
 γ
d le
lal...
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