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LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 17: D&C 78, 80-83, 85, 92, 104

LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 17: D&C 78, 80-83, 85, 92, 104

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Published by Mike Parker
LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 17: D&C 78, 80-83, 85, 92, 104
LDS Doctrine and Covenants Notes 17: D&C 78, 80-83, 85, 92, 104

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© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
Doctrine and CovenantsWeek 17: D&C 78, 80
83, 85, 92, 104
1)
Introduction.a)The opening sections of this lesson bring us up to the spring of 1832. Joseph Smith andSidney Rigdon continued to work on the new translation of the Bible at the Johnsonhome in Hiram, Ohio.
2)
D&C 78.a)It had been over a year since the Law of the Lord (D&C 42) had been revealed, and theSaints had still not established a bishop’s storehouse to provide for the needs of thepoor, as the revelations directed.
1
i)
[SLIDE 2]
In order to push forward with this important step in the law of consecration, in this revelation the Lord commanded Joseph, Sidney, and Newel K. Whitney 
2
to start a business venture that would generate the income needed to getthe Kirtland storehouse started.(1)This partnership was called the
united firm
, also known as the
united order
or
order of Enoch
.(2)
[SLIDES 3 & 4]
Newel Whitney consecrated his mercantile store in Kirtland, andit began to operate as a Church-owned corporation: Joseph, Sidney, and Neweldrew salaries from the profits sufficient for their needs, and the remaining profits went to establish the store as the storehouse to care for the poor (78:3) and topurchase lands in the Kirtland area, including the site where the temple waseventually built.ii)Joseph, Sidney, and Newel were also directed to travel to Zion (i.e., Independence,Missouri; 78:9) and start a branch of the united firm there to aid the Missouri Saintsin establishing their own storehouse.iii)
[SLIDE 5]
It’s important to understand that the united order is one example of 
how
to put the law of consecration into practice, but the united order is not
the
law of consecration.(1)This was really the beginning of the Church as a corporate entity, something thatcontinues today in the Corporation of the First Presidency and the Corporation of the Presiding Bishop. These business entities own the Church’s lands and buildings, farms and welfare centers, copyrights, and other assets for the benefitof the members of the Church. It allows the Church to operate as a legal entity and protects the leaders of the Church from personal liability.
1
See D&C 42:34, 55; 51:13; 70:7; 72:10.
2
Newel Kimball Whitney (1795–1850) was born in Marlborough, Vermont, and by age 19 had established himself as amerchant in Plattsburg, New York. He later moved to Painesville, Ohio, and became a business partner with Algernon Sydney Gilbert. They later established a mercantile store in Kirtland. Newel and his wife, Elizabeth, were converted and baptized by Sidney Rigdon in November 1830. On 4 December 1831, Whitney was called as the Church’s second bishop, responsible for theOhio area (D&C 72); he was unsure if he could carry out this responsibility, but Joseph encouraged him to ask the Lord forconfirmation, and Whitney heard an audible voice from heaven confirming that the Lord’s strength was with him. He latermoved to Illinois, where he was one of the first group to receive the endowment from Joseph. He was sustained as presiding bishop and died in that office in Salt Lake City.
 
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Doctrine and Covenants Sections 78, 80
83, 85, 92, 104 Week 17, Page 2© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
3)
D&C 80.a)This revelation commanded Stephen Burnett and Eden Smith to go and preach wherever they felt disposed to go.
4)
D&C 81.a)This revelation is particularly interesting for two reasons:i)First, it tells us something about Joseph Smith’s understanding of “scripture.”(1)
[SLIDE 6]
 When the revelation was received on 15 March 1832, it was directed toJesse Gause, and his name appeared at the beginning of what is now verse 1.
3
(a)Not much is known about Jesse Gause.
4
What we do know is that he was aformer Quaker who had converted to the Shaker faith
5
and then was baptizeda Mormon in late 1831.(b)He quickly gained the trust of Joseph Smith, who wrote on 8 March 1832:“Chose this day and ordained brother Jesse Gause and Broth[er] Sidney [Rigdon] to be my councillers of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] highPristhood.”
6
Seven days later Joseph received this revelation confirmingGause’s ordination as “a high priest in my church, and a counselor unto my servant Joseph Smith, Jun.” (81:1).(c)Between April and June 1832 Gause accompanied Joseph to Missouri. Afterthat he served a mission in August 1832, ending it apparently still firm in thefaith.(d)
[SLIDE 7]
The only note about him after this comes from Joseph Smith’s journal entry for 3 December 1832, in which he states that “Br Jese” and twoother men “was excommunicated from the church.”
7
The reason for hisexcommunication is unknown, and from there Jesse Gause literally disappeared from history.(2)
[SLIDE 8]
In March 1833, Joseph called Frederick G. Williams as a counselor toreplace Jesse Gause (90:6). All printed editions of the Doctrine and Covenants, beginning with the 1835 first edition, have included this revelation, but with Williams’ name instead of Gause’s.
8
3
The earliest manuscript copies of this revelation are
 Revelation Book 1
, 139(
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-book-1?p=127
) and
 Revelation Book 2
, 17(
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-book-2?p=27
). In both copies, the revelation is directed to “my servant Jesse.”
4
What little is known is summarized in D. Michael Quinn, “Jesse Gause: Joseph Smith’s Little-Known Counselor,”
 BYU  Studies
23/4 (Fall 1983), 487–93 (
https://byustudies.byu.edu/showtitle.aspx?title=5612
).
5
For background on the Shaker religion, see lesson 12, page 7–8(
https://sites.google.com/site/hwsarc/home/dc/week12
).
6
 Revelation Book 2
, 10–11 (
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/revelation-book-2?p=20
).
7
Joseph Smith, Journal, 1832–34, 3 (
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/journal-1832-1834?p=4
).
8
See 1835 D&C 79 (
http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/doctrine-and-covenants-1835?p=215
).
 
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Doctrine and Covenants Sections 78, 80
83, 85, 92, 104 Week 17, Page 3© 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
(3)What does this mean?(a)There are indications that Joseph received a new revelation in March 1833that called Frederick G. Williams to be a counselor and scribe to Joseph, butthis revelation has not been canonized in the Doctrine and Covenants.
9
Theduties and blessings that were revealed to Jesse Gause applied equally to Williams, so Joseph apparently felt comfortable simply replacing Gause’sname with Williams’.(b)The same pattern has continued down today: Every new ordination in theChurch does not require a brand new revelation; the fundamental principlesof the priesthood offices are found in the Doctrine and Covenants, and anordained individual can turn there and insert his name in the place of theperson who previously served in that office.ii)
[SLIDE 9]
Second, this revelation is an important development in organization of the priesthood.(1)In a previous lesson we discussed how the first ordinations to the office of highpriest took place in October 1831.(2)In a revelation received 11 November 1831, Joseph Smith was called as “thePresiding high Priest over the high Priesthood of the Church” (107:66).
10
(3)On 8 March 1832, Jesse Gause and Sidney Rigdon were called as “councillers of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] high Pristhood.”(4)This constitutes the beginning of the quorum now known as the First Presidency.(Something we’ll discuss this more in our next lesson.)
5)
D&C 82.a)
[SLIDE 10]
This revelation was received on 26 April 1832 in Zion, Jackson County,Missouri. Between the previous revelation and this one, some very ugly things took place which bear mentioning here:i)On 24 March 1832, a mob, led by ex-Mormon apostate Symonds Ryder, attacked theJohn Johnson home in the middle of the night. Joseph and Sidney were pulled fromthe house, beaten, and tarred and feathered. Sidney was dragged by his feet behind ahorse. After the attack, Joseph was awake all night while his friends and family scraped the tar from his body. The next morning, Joseph preached a Sunday sermonon the subject on forgiveness; some of his attackers were in the congregation.ii)Five days later (29 March 1832), Joseph and Emma’s adopted 11-month-old sonJoseph Murdock Smith died, probably as a result of stress and exposure caused thenight of the mobbing.
9
This revelation was received 5 January 1833, one month after Gause’s excommunication. Frederick G. Williams Papers,Church Archives.
10
Portions of D&C 107 were received on 11 November 1831, and the remainder received in April 1835. These werecombined and published as a single revelation beginning with the 1835 edition D&C. (We’ll discuss this in greater detail in thenext lesson.)

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