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Photography Tips1

Photography Tips1

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Published by Curious Minds
Photography Tips1
Photography Tips1

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Curious Minds on Mar 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/16/2014

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Curious Minds workshops : Tristan Brady-JacobsPhotography - tips and tricks
Photography uses cameras – the parts:
a)Aperture – the hole at the front which lets in light – this can be altered in size,the lower the light the larger the aperture – equivalent of the Iris in the humaneye.
b)
Shutter – when you press the button to take a picture the shutter opens andcloses to let light into the camera – usually varies from about 1/25
th
of a sec. toup to 1/5000
th
of a sec. in very bright conditions. Fast shutters are good for action, slow ones tend to blur.c)Lens – mounted in front of the aperture and shutter this controls the focus andzoom. The most important factor in quality.d)Memory – where the image is stored – most cameras use SD cards – imageson these can be easily transferred to laptops and PCs
e)
WB – white balance – usually this is automatic but if the pictures have a colour tint to them (too bluish or orange) then the white balance will be wrong. Alllight is coloured, house lights are yellow, cloudy daylight is blue etc. Our brainscompensate, but cameras are stupid and need to be told what is white –hence you will see TV and film-crews holding a piece of paper up to a camerabefore shooting – this is to ‘set’ the white balance.
Taking a picture
1.Turn on Camera2.Point at subject (composition, distance, angle)3.Focus (half-press the shutter button until focussed – usually there is a beepor a green box but sadly all cameras are different) take your time here.4.Fully depress shutter button
 
5.Hold still till finished (err on the side of caution)
Photography tips
Books have been written about this stuff but here are a few simple tips.
a) Distance
Get close to your subject – fill the picture with it, no one wants to look atceilings or floors.
b) Composition
Move about with the camera till it looks good – fill the frame(pic), make sureyou can see the subject, that there is nothing behind their heads like potplants,gurning kids etc
c)
Symmetry
- don’t centre the image. It is very compelling to do so but it looks‘wrong’ –(the uncanny valley?) and you get lots of ceiling. Symmetry inhumans is unnatural, but use this in corridors for dramatic effect.
d)
Height (angle)
very important with kids – get down to their height, filming fromtheir eye level makes a big difference. Sit on the floor, or if you need to or itlooks good, stand on a table, chair, steps.
e)
Eyes
 – as above, remember, looking down makes people look small, childlike,powerless - looking up at them makes them look powerful, older, moreauthority.Don’t always get or let kids look straight at camera – break the spell,encourage them to look above or to the side, this will make them lookthoughtful or confident. I play a game and imagine the use for the portraitstaken – book cover? Politicians poster? Film publicity?Eyes should look into the frame not out.
f)
Light
 – light should fall on the subject so avoid standing them against awindow (this will create silhouettes). Instead swing round and have the lightbehind you and falling on them.
g)
Cropping
 – this happens when bits of the subject go out of the shot –embrace this, after all, no one cares about the tops of peoples heads.

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