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Safety with Dignity: A field manual for integrating community-based protection across humanitarian programs

Safety with Dignity: A field manual for integrating community-based protection across humanitarian programs

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Published by Jeffrey Marzilli
This manual provides practical guidance for NGO fi eld staff on the integration of a
community-based protection approach into their programs across diverse sectors and
contexts. It draws together key protection concepts, methods and tools being used
and developed by NGOs and humanitarian agencies into one practical and user-friendly
manual. It follows the program cycle so that fi eld staff can see how a community-based
protection approach can be systematically and practically applied to all programming
efforts.
This manual provides practical guidance for NGO fi eld staff on the integration of a
community-based protection approach into their programs across diverse sectors and
contexts. It draws together key protection concepts, methods and tools being used
and developed by NGOs and humanitarian agencies into one practical and user-friendly
manual. It follows the program cycle so that fi eld staff can see how a community-based
protection approach can be systematically and practically applied to all programming
efforts.

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Published by: Jeffrey Marzilli on Mar 28, 2013
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1
Saety with Dignity 
 A feld manual or integrating community-basedprotection across humanitarian programs
© Gideon Mendel/Corbis/Action Aid
 
3
 
Contents
Preface
4
Introduction
6
Part A: The framework for community-based protection
14Read this frst: Key concepts 15Rights and responsibilities 23Dos and don’ts 32
Part B: Steps to integrating community-based protection
36
Step 1
: Identiying and analysing protection problems 38
Step 2
: Identiying and analysing community strategies 46
Step 3
: Prioritisation 52
Step 4
: Action planning 59
Step 5
: Action 66
Step 6
: Follow up and ongoing review 73
Step 7
: Accountability and learning 79
Case studies and examples rom diverse sectors
Livelihoods p. 25, 49, 63, 71, 78Water and sanitation p. 72Health (including psychosocial) p. 19, 26, 45, 67, 71Education 41, 49Food and non-ood items (NFIs) p. 76, 78
 Case studies and examples rom diverse contexts
Disaster risk reduction/preparedness p. 55, 64, 67 Armed confict p. 35, 36, 64, 67Natural disaster p. 25, 33, 48Reugee and internal displacement p. 26, 41, 49, 63, 67, 78Chronic/protracted crises p. 19, 42, 45, 67, 63
Part C: Toolbox
84
Community/Participatory Tools
87
TOOL 1
: How to use participatory methods 87
TOOL 2
: How to hold ocus groups 90
TOOL 3
: How to conduct individual interviews 92
Problem identication and analysis tools
94
TOOL 4
: How to review existing material 94
TOOL 5
: How to identiy protection problems 95
TOOL 6
: How to conduct a root causes analysis 98
TOOL 7
: How to carry out a Protection Equation analysis 99
TOOL 8
: How to analyse rights and responsibilities 102
Strategy identication and analysis tools
104
TOOL 9
: How to analyse with the Protection Onion 104
TOOL 10
: How to carry out actor mapping 106
TOOL 11
: How to draw together your analyses 108
Prioritisation tools
110
TOOL 12
: How to carry out participatory prioritisation 110
TOOL 13
: How to use a prioritisation checklist 111
 Action planning tools
114
TOOL 14
: How to plan with the Protection Equation and Egg 114
TOOL 15
: How to analyse and adapt existing programs 116
TOOL 16
: How to set program indicators 118
TOOL 17
: How to develop a risk assessment 119
 Action tools
121
TOOL 18
: How to develop internal processes or protection 121
TOOL 19
: How to develop a reerral process 123
TOOL 20
: How to develop an advocacy strategy 125
Ongoing review and follow-up tools
127
TOOL 21
: How to conduct individual meetings 127
 Accountability and learning tools
128
TOOL 22
: How to use participatory review methods 128
 Annexes
131
Glossary 
132
 Acronyms and abbreviations
134
 Additional resources
135
   ©   G  e  o  r  g   i  e   S  c  o   t   t   /   A  c   t   i  o  n   A   i   d
 
45
Preace
This eld manual aims to contribute to international efforts to improvethe protection of individuals and communities at risk in disasters, conicts,displacement and protracted crisis contexts.
 The need or this manual on community-based protection was identifed by ActionAidsta working with local partners and communities. It was perceived that the role o communities was oten overlooked in humanitarian protection approaches that ocus onthe responsibilities and roles o States and international actors.It was elt that communities needed greater attention as they are integral to protection- both as sources o support and assistance as well sources o threats and harm.Protection problems experienced by communities may pre-exist, result rom or beincreased by humanitarian crises and the actions o States and international actors. This interconnection requires a multi-levelled, multi-pronged approach engaging aectedcommunities, states, local and international non-governmental actors.Community-based protection is an essential component o ActionAid’s human securitywork. Human security recognises that vulnerable people are exposed to a constantseries o threats and risks and ocuses on need to retain a minimum quality o lie, defnedas Freedom rom Fear, Freedom rom Want and Freedom to take action on one’s ownbehal.
1
Human security acknowledges the importance o human rights, empowersvulnerable people to claim their rights and emphasises the need to protect, respect andulfl people’s rights. This manual provides practical guidance or NGO feld sta on the integration o acommunity-based protection approach into their programs across diverse sectors andcontexts. It draws together key protection concepts, methods and tools being usedand developed by NGOs and humanitarian agencies into one practical and user-riendlymanual. It ollows the program cycle so that feld sta can see how a community-basedprotection approach can be systematically and practically applied to all programmingeorts. The manual was developed by ActionAid Australia
2
and the ActionAid Internationalnetwork between June 2008 and July 2009. It was created through a feld-driven processinvolving ActionAid programs in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt), Jordan, SriLanka and Myanmar. ActionAid sta, NGOs and humanitarian agencies based in Australiaand overseas, as well as Australian Government departments have contributed to thismanual through a peer review process and workshop series. The Australian Agency orInternational Development (AusAID) unded the manual’s development. The manual was written by Kate Berry with technical advice and support rom SherrylReddy, Sarah Elliott and Deborah Leaver.We would like to thank all the peer reviewers, whose comments and workshopparticipation were invaluable to the development o the manual. Particular mention ismade o reviewers who provided extensive comments that inuenced key sections, toolsand concepts. We would like to thank Denise Cauchi, Susan Erb, Patricia Garcia, JessicaJordan, Anita Knudsen, Christine Knudsen, Liam Mahony, Niaz Murtaza, Roger Nash,Sorcha O’Callaghan, Sriyani Perera, Michael G. Smith AO, James Thomson, Rick Towle,Sarah Winter and Josep Zapater. Thanks also to Koto Fukushima or her initial work onthe manual and peer review comments. The manual was developed or use by ActionAid International and its partners and wehope that other NGOs fnd it useul in their work.We are interested in receiving eedback on the feld manual and its practical applications.We encourage you to tell us about your experiences. Please send your comments toprotection.au@actionaid.org Archie LawChie Executive Ofcer ActionAid Australia
1 Commission on Human Security, ‘Human Security Now’, 2003, < http://www.humansecurity-chs.org/fnalreport/index.html >[Accessed 29 June 2009].2 Austcare joined the ActionAid International network on 1 June 2009 and rebranded as ActionAid Australia. Austcare wasestablished in 1967 and worked with reugees, internally displaced persons and people aected by landmines in over 40countries. Austcare established its protection program in 2005 and the program includes the Rapid Response Register o Protection Ofcers, policy, research and programs.
Richard MillerInternational Director or Human Security ActionAid International
   ©   J  a  m  e  s   O  a   t  w  a  y   /   P  a  n  o  s   P   i  c   t  u  r  e  s   /   A  c   t   i  o  n   A   i   d

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