Article 1 of theUnited NationsUniversal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR) explain
human rights as “all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They areendowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”
The basic aims of Constitution of India are to provides justice (social, economical and political), secures liberty (of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship) and ensuresequality (of status and opportunity) and fraternity (assuming the dignity of individual andunity and integrity of the nation). Inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR), part III of Indian constitution comprises of the fundamental rights. Rights provided by constitution to all the citizens of country irrespective of their age, gender,caste, class, abilities. They are as follows1.Right to Equality (Article 14-18)
a.Equality before lawb.Prohibition from discrimination
c.Equality of opportunities in matter of public employment. This will not prevent the state from making special provision for women, children,schedule caste, schedule tribes.d.Abolition of untouchability and titles.2.Right freedom includes the following rights (Article 19-22)
a.Freedom of speech and expressionb.Peaceful assembly and form associations or unions
c.Move freely in India, reside anywhere, hold or acquire propertyd.Practice any profession
e.Protection of life and personal liberty
3.Right against exploitation includes following rights (Article 23-24)a.
Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour b.Prohibition of Employment of children in factories etc.
4.Right to freedom of religion (Article 25-28)
a.Freedom of conscience and religion
b.Freedom to manage religious affairsc.Freedom to attend at religious worships5.Cultural and Educational Rights includes the following rights (Articles 29-30)
a.Protection of minority culture
b.Rights of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions6.Right to constitutional remedies (Articles 32-35)
a.Right to move to supreme court