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Student Teacher Ratio

Student Teacher Ratio

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Published by hundee

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: hundee on Mar 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/16/2012

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1
Quality of Teaching and Learning in Selected PrimarySchools in Ethiopia: Perceptions, Practices andprospects
BACKGROUNDHuman knowledge and perspectives held atdifferent times in history have paramountrole in:
determining the teaching learning processand the quality of subsequent outcome.
influencing the choices of approaches toteaching and learning.
 
2
BACKGROUND (CONT’D)
…the question of how learning takes place is notgiven central importance and attention amongteachers. This lack of attention to the nature of learning inevitably leads to an impoverishment of education. It isn't simply that the process is lesseffective as a result, but what passes for educationcan actually diminish well-being
(Smith,1999).
 
Constructivist epistemology assumes that learnersconstruct their own knowledge on the basis of interaction with their environment. This assumptionrequires schools and teachers to follow learner-centered approach which, under normal condition, ischaracterized by active involvement of the learner
 
3
Statement of the problem
Despite the strong criticisms on the conventional teacher basedapproach in education,
the teaching leaning process in mostschools in Ethiopia has persisted to be teacher dominated.
Most classes are characterized by a situation where
students aremade to listen to their teachers and copy notes from theblackboard.
 
Despite policy provisions and some practical endeavors to moveto learner-centered approach,
learning by doing, problemsolving, cooperative learning and group approaches arelimited.
Consequently, there is a widely shared concern that thequality of learning in schools is very low.
This paper, as part of the main study on “
Enhancing ActiveLearning through Teachers’ Peer and self Reflections in Selected Primary Schools in Ethiopia
” 
examines policy background,teachers’ conceptions, and availability of minimum inputsas well as practices in relation to active learning. Thepaper intends to give a background for the main study,which is already in progress
.

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