Understanding Social Action - Social Action for Social Workers -_S.Rengasamy
From this we can derive three hypotheses1.
Welfare is a power game; through which the rich and the powerful exercise control over the weak and the poor.2.
The rich corner the gains of the welfare, but for that the poor has to pay.3. There is no way to alleviate the situation unless one socializes the welfare and the clients of thesystem take over its administration.
uses social services and other helping professions try to preserve and strengthen the ideologies, behaviors and structures of the status quo. Impoverished group remains despite the welfare state.
5. ASSUMPTION REGARDING THE NATURE OF HUMAN PROBLEMS
Welfare needs of the people can arise not because of any personal draw backs or shortcoming of the needy, they are caused by the inherent defects in the social system. Social action situates the problems of human rights and injustice in a systemic perspective. Personal troubles and publicissues are interlinked. It must be understood in terms of public issues.
6. ASSUMPTION REGARDING THE HUMAN RIGHTS
Welfare services should be provided to the people as a matter of right, which they may be able toclaim.
BASIC ASSUMPTION OF SOCIAL ACTION
There is a certain power center with a vested interest, which controls the policies andadministration of welfare services in each country, which needs to be corrected.
SOCIAL ACTION MEANING AND DEFINITIONS
The term ‘social’ means “interaction of individuals in society”, “mutual relations of men or classes”; it also includes political economic, cultural and ethical aspects. Used as a prefix toaction, it carries the connotation of a collectivity and an organization working to achieve an end.The element of spontaneity and consciousness is particularly stressed by the term social.
DICTIONARY OF SOCILOGY
Any expenditure of effort by a group as such; all-conscious or unconscious, concerted or collective effort
MARY RICHMOND (1922)
Social action is mass betterment through propaganda and sociallegislation; a method of bringing about a change in the social environment of the clients.
PETER LEE (1937):
Social action seems to suggest efforts directed towards changes in law or social structure or towards the initiation of new movements for the modification of currentsocial practices.4.
LR GRACE. L. COYEE:
Social action is the attempt to change the social environment in ways,which will make life more satisfactory. It aims to affect not individuals but socialinstitutions, laws, customs and communities.5.
Social action is “a systematic, conscious effort directed to influence the basic social conditionand policies out of which arise the problems of social adjustment and maladjustment to whichour service as social workers is addressed.6.
Social action is described as an organized group effort to solve mass social problems or tofurther socially desirable objectives by attempting to influence the basic social and economicconditions or practices.