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Physics 137A - Important Formulas

Physics 137A - Important Formulas

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Published by Oliver Smith
Useful Formulas for UC Berkeley's 137A
Useful Formulas for UC Berkeley's 137A

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Published by: Oliver Smith on Mar 29, 2013
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03/29/2013

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

 



 


 

 
 
Dot product for overlapping a wavefunction with a state
|
 The
|
term IS the wavefunction
 Probability of finding the particle between
and
at time
 
|
|

 Standard Deviation:
  
 
 

is the probability densityProbability that
lies between
and
is:


 Normalized probability to equal 1:

 
 
  Average value of x:
∫
 
 
  Average value for
 
:
 ⟩
 
 
 Momentum:
 ∫

 

∫(

)
 
 
∫(

)
 
 
|
|
 


 Kinetic energy:

 



 Momentum, wavelength.DeBroglie formula:

 
 


 
 
 

 

 

 
 
√ 

 

 
 
√ 

 

 

 
 ∫

 
̃

 

 
 
 



 


 



 Particle energy above potential (easier to use first solution for free particles):





 
 
 

 

 
|
|


 

 
√ 
 
 
  |
|


 

 



 
 
  


 



 
 
  
 
   
 


 
  

 
 
  

 
 
  

  
 
 

 
|
|

|
|
 


 
(
  
)
 
 
 


 

 
 
 
 
 
  



 

 Probability Flow:
 


 
∑
 
 

 Tunneling:Particle energy above potential:




 
 
 Particle energy below potential:




 
 
 Match the
and the

at theregion boundariesSet A=1Fraction transmitted:
 
 
||
 
||
||
 

 
 √ 


 
 
 



 SHO:

 
  ̂
 
  ̂
 

 
(
)(
)
 


(
)
 The energy of the eigenstate is

 
is the raising operator


 There must exist a lower bound
such that
 
 

 

 

 
 
Bra-Ket Notes
|
⟩|
⟩
 
⟨
|
|
 


 3D
|
⟩




|
⟩
 

 




 
 

 
  
 
 
 


  
 


  
 

 


 
 
 
 
(


)
 

 


̂
 
 
 


 


̂
 


 


 


 


  
  Angular Momentum







 


 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

|⟩

|
 
raises the eigenvalue by
 
|
 
|

 
|

 
||
 
|
|
 



 



 


()

 
|



 





 
 
 
 
 


()

 


()

 
 
 

 



 General solution:




 
 
  
 
  
 





 This is the solution insideOutside is
 

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