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Physics 137A - Important Formulas

Physics 137A - Important Formulas

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Useful Formulas for UC Berkeley's 137A
Useful Formulas for UC Berkeley's 137A

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03/29/2013

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











Dot product for overlapping a wavefunction with a state
|
The
|
term IS the wavefunction
Probability of finding the particle between
and
at time

|
|

Standard Deviation:
  



is the probability densityProbability that
lies between
and
is:


Normalized probability to equal 1:



Average value of x:
∫


Average value for

:
⟩


Momentum:
 ∫



∫(

)


∫(

)


|
|



Kinetic energy:





Momentum, wavelength.DeBroglie formula:














√ 





√ 






 ∫


̃












 



Particle energy above potential (easier to use first solution for free particles):






 





|
|





√ 

  |
|










  






 

  

   


















|
|

|
|




(

)

 








 

  





Probability Flow:




∑
 


Tunneling:Particle energy above potential:





 
Particle energy below potential:





 
Match the
and the

at theregion boundariesSet A=1Fraction transmitted:


||

||
||



√ 








SHO:


  ̂

  ̂



(
)(
)



(
)
The energy of the eigenstate is


is the raising operator


There must exist a lower bound
such that







Bra-Ket Notes
|
⟩|
⟩

⟨
|
|



3D
|
⟩




|
⟩







 


 




















(


)





̂







̂













Angular Momentum















 
 

 
 






|⟩

|

raises the eigenvalue by

|

|


|


||

|
|











()


|










 

 



()




()


 






General solution:






  

  






This is the solution insideOutside is