Elizabeth the ﬁrst, Queen of England. Daughter of HenryVIII, Sister of Mary I and Edward VI, and one of the mostinﬂuential queens in the history of England. Who was she?What did she do? Why
she so important? These questionswill all be answered. But ﬁrst a little background.
Elizabeth was thedaughter of Henry VIII andAnne Boleyn. Her fatherhad already been marriedto Catherine of Aragon butdivorced her after shegave birth to her oldersister, Mary, in favor ofa different wife. Hethought the reason hiswife had not had a son wasbecause she had beenmarried to his now deadbrother, Arthur.
Henry needed an heir because he knew the War Of TheRoses was caused simply because the king at the time(William II) did not have a son to take the throne afterhim, so a major dispute followed his death over who shouldbe king, resulting in civil war. Henry VIII did not want torepeat history! So when his wife gave birth to a girl,naturally he was disappointed. He was convinced God waspunishing him for marrying his brother’s wife, so he askedthe Pope for a divorce. This is where religion comes in.The woman Henry wanted to marry, Anne Boleyn, wasProtestant. The Pope is always Catholic, more aboutCatholics and Protestants later. All you need to know now isthat Catholics and Protestants are two different branches ofChristianity. The problem is, divorce is not allowed in theCatholic Church. This could have been the reason why thePope said no, but another reason could have been that since