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Petroleum 1

Petroleum 1

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Published by: humanupgrade on Mar 16, 2009
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10/30/2011

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Petroleum:A Man’s Black GoalDon M. VelasquezCHEM103AProfessor Lydda MasangcayOct. 04, 2008i
 
Table of ContentsI. Introduction----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1II. What is Petroleum?----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1-2III. History of Petroleum--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2-5IV. Composition of Petroleum-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5-6VI. Chemistry of Petroleum----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6-7VII. Formation of Petroleum---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7-9
a.
Crude oil reservoirs----------------------------------------------------------------------------
8b.
 Non-conventional oil reservoirs-------------------------------------------------------------
8-9c.
 Abiogenic origin -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9
VIII. Classification of Petroleum---------------------------------------------------------------------------------9-10IX. Key Ingredients for Petroluem Accumulation------------------------------------------------------------10-18
a.
 Petroleum Charge Resource----------------------------------------------------------------
10-12a.1. source rocks----------------------------------------------------------10-11a.2. kerogen ---------------------------------------------------------------11-12b.
 Petroleum Charge Resource (continued)
 
------------------------------------------------
12-14 b.1. maturation---------------------------------------------------------12-13b.2. migration ---------------------------------------------------------13-14c.
 Reservoir Rock Resource ------------------------------------------------------------------
14-15c.1. reservoir rocks ---------------------------------------------------14-15d.
Seal Resource ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16e.
Trap Resource
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------16-17f.
Combining the Ingredients Resource
------------------------------------------------------17-18
X. Petroleum Industry---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18-20
a.
 Early History ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
18b.
 Development of the Modern Industry-------------------------------------------------------
19c.
 Late-Twentieth-Century and Early-Twenty-First-Century Developments -----------
19-20
XI. Petroleum Exploration ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20-22
a.
 Extraction ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20-21a.1. locating the oil field-----------------------------------------------20a.2. oil extraction and recovery (primary recovery) --------------- 20a.3. oil extraction and recovery (secondary recovery)-------------21a.4. oil extraction and recovery (tertiary recovery) ---------------- 21ii
 
a.5. recovery rates-------------------------------------------------------21b.
 Alternative Methods--------------------------------------------------------------------------
21-22
XII. Uses of Petroleum --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22-25
a.
 Fuel----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
24b.
Other Derivatives -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
25
XIII. Environmental Effects -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25-27
a.
 Extraction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
26b.
Oil spills ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
26c.
Global Warming -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
26d.
Whales ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
26 - 27
XIV. Alternatives to Petroleum-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------28-33
a.
 Alternatives to petroleum-based vehicle fuels-------------------------------------------
28-30b.
 Alternatives to using oil in industry-------------------------------------------------------
30-32c.
 Alternatives to burning petroleum for electricity----------------------------------------
32-33
XV. Future of Petroleum Production---------------------------------------------------------------------------33-34
a.
 Hubbert peak theory-------------------------------------------------------------------------
33-34
XVI. Petroleum by country --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34-40
a.
Consumption rates---------------------------------------------------------------------------
34-36b.
 Production------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
36-37c.
 Export-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
37d.
Consumption -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
38e.
 Import-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
38f.
 Non-producing consumers--------------------------------------------------------------------
39g.
 Diagrams-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
39-40
XVII. Writers covering the petroleum industry -------------------------------------------------------------40-42
a.
 Brian Black-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
40b.
Colin J. Campbell-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
40c.
 Kenneth S. Deffeyes---------------------------------------------------------------------------
41d.
Thomas Gold---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
41-42e.
 David Goodstein-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
42f.
 Daniel H. Yergin--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
42g.
 Derrick Jensen---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
42iii

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