The so-called black eye is caused by bleeding beneath theskin around the eye. Sometimes a black eye indicates amore extensive injury, even a skull fracture, particularly ifthe area around both eyes is bruised (raccoon eyes) or ifthere has been a head injury.
Although most black eye injuries aren't serious, bleedingwithin the eye, called a hyphema, is serious and canreduce vision and damage the cornea
the clear,protective "window" at the front of the eye. In some cases,abnormally high pressure inside the eyeball (glaucoma)also can result.