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Ballykeeran Late Bronze Age Cist and ring-ditch

Ballykeeran Late Bronze Age Cist and ring-ditch

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Published by Brendon Wilkins
This report presents the results of archaeological investigations carried out on behalf of Galway County Council as part of Contract 2 Archaeological Investigations prior to the commencement of construction on the N6 Galway to Ballinasloe Scheme. The work was undertaken under Ministerial Direction number A024 in the townland of Ballykeeran, Co. Galway. The Minister for the Environment, Heritage & Local Government, following consultation with the National Museum of Ireland, directed that Brendon Wilkins of Headland Archaeology Ltd should proceed with Phase 2 full manual investigation of the site, where pre‐construction in 2005 identified the plough truncated remains of a supposed burnt mound.
Full archaeological excavation was conducted on the site between February and March 2006. This exposed the supposed burnt mound, which actually consisted of a thin layer of burnt material overlying a stone‐lined cist with an associated ring ditch. Other linear ditches pre‐dated and postdated the formation of the cist, ring‐ditch and cairn material. A rough surface of stone was thought to be contemporary with the construction of the monument. A Large modern pit was also recorded, near the cist and ring ditches. Cremated bone was recognised on site and retrieved through sampling of the cist fill, although the quantities of recovered bone were very low.
This report presents the results of archaeological investigations carried out on behalf of Galway County Council as part of Contract 2 Archaeological Investigations prior to the commencement of construction on the N6 Galway to Ballinasloe Scheme. The work was undertaken under Ministerial Direction number A024 in the townland of Ballykeeran, Co. Galway. The Minister for the Environment, Heritage & Local Government, following consultation with the National Museum of Ireland, directed that Brendon Wilkins of Headland Archaeology Ltd should proceed with Phase 2 full manual investigation of the site, where pre‐construction in 2005 identified the plough truncated remains of a supposed burnt mound.
Full archaeological excavation was conducted on the site between February and March 2006. This exposed the supposed burnt mound, which actually consisted of a thin layer of burnt material overlying a stone‐lined cist with an associated ring ditch. Other linear ditches pre‐dated and postdated the formation of the cist, ring‐ditch and cairn material. A rough surface of stone was thought to be contemporary with the construction of the monument. A Large modern pit was also recorded, near the cist and ring ditches. Cremated bone was recognised on site and retrieved through sampling of the cist fill, although the quantities of recovered bone were very low.

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Published by: Brendon Wilkins on Mar 16, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/10/2014

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text

original

 
 
Date:
 
 January
 
2009
 
Client:
 
Galway
 
County
 
Council
 
Project
 
code:
 
NGB05
 
N6
 
Galway
 
to
 
Ballinasloe
 
Scheme,
 
Contract
 
2.
 
Final
 
Report
 
on
 
archaeological
 
investigations
 
at
 
Site
 
E2440,
 
a
 
Late
 
Bronze
 
Age
 
cist
 
and
 
ring
ditch
 
in
 
the
 
townland
 
of
 
Ballykeeran,
 
Co.
 
Galway
 
By:
 
Brendon
 
Wilkins
 
Illustrator:
 
Eavan
 
O’Dochartaigh
 
Ministerial
 
Direction
 
no.
 
A024
 
Excavation
 
Registration
 
No.
 
E2440
 
Director:
 
Brendon
 
Wilkins
 
Chainage:
 
Loughrea
 
link
 
road
 
 junction
 
east
 
200
250
 
NGR:
 
160420/222777
 
 
 
Date:
 
 January
 
2009
 
Client:
 
Galway
 
County
 
Council
 
Project
 
code:
 
NGB05
 
N6
 
Galway
 
to
 
Ballinasloe
 
Scheme,
 
Contract
 
2.
 
Final
 
Report
 
on
 
archaeological
 
investigations
 
at
 
Site
 
E2440,
 
a
 
Late
 
Bronze
 
Age
 
cist
 
and
 
ring
ditch
 
in
 
the
 
townland
 
of
 
Ballykeeran,
 
Co.
 
Galway
 
By:
 
Brendon
 
Wilkins
 
Illustrator:
 
Eavan
 
O’Dochartaigh
 
Ministerial
 
Direction
 
no.
 
A024
 
Excavation
 
Registration
 
No.
 
E2440
 
Director:
 
Brendon
 
Wilkins
 
Chainage:
 
Loughrea
 
link
 
road
 
 junction
 
east
 
200
250
 
NGR:
 
160420/222777
 
 
Headland Archaeology Ltd. N6 Galway to Ballinasloe Scheme, Contract 2. E2440 Final Report _________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
2
CONTENTS
 
PAGE
 
1
 
Summary
 
4
 
2
 
Introduction
 
4
 
3
 
Site
 
description
 
and
 
location
 
5
 
4
 
Aims
 
and
 
methodology
 
5
 
5
 
Results
 
5
 
Site
wide
 
deposits
 
5
 
Phase
 
1:
 
linear
 
cut
 
6
 
Phase
 
2
 
:
 
ring
 
ditch,
 
cairn
 
and
 
cist
 
6
 
Phase
 
3:
 
later
 
features
 
8
 
6
 
Discussion
 
9
 
7
 
Archive
 
12
 
8
 
References
 
13
 

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