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The Apocrypha

The Apocrypha

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Published by: alexwein on Mar 16, 2009
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02/11/2014

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T
HE
A
POCRYPHA
 
with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books
 
Z
AINE
IDLING
, Ph.D.
Editor
New Revised Standard Version
 
Copyright ©1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
 
APOCRYPHA, TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 1
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
to the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books
HT
Introduction to the Apocrypha
TH
 …………….……………………. 2
HT
Tobit
TH
 …………………………………………………………………. 16
HT
Judith
TH
 ………………………………………………………………… 44
HT
Additions to Esther
TH
 ……………………………………..………… 75
HT
Wisdom of Solomon
TH
 ……………………………………….…..…. 99
HT
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)
TH
 ………………………………..…….……… 138
HT
Baruch
TH
 ………………………………………………………………. 252
HT
Letter of Jeremiah
TH
 ………………………………………..………. 264
HT
Additions to Daniel
TH
 ………………………………………….…… 270 
HT
Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Jews
TH
 ……… 271 
HT
Susanna
TH
 ………………………………………………………..… 277 
HT
Bel and the Dragon
TH
 …………………………………………… 283
HT
1 Maccabees
TH
 ……………………………………………………….. 287
HT
2 Maccabees
TH
 ……………………………………………………….. 350
HT
1 Esdras
TH
 ………………………………………………..……………. 397
HT
Prayer of Manasseh
TH
 …………………………………..………….. 429
HT
Psalm 151
TH
 ………………………………………………..…………. 433
HT
3 Maccabees
TH
 ………………………………………………...…….. 435
HT
2 Esdras
TH
 ………………………………………………………….…. 456
HT
4 Maccabees
TH
 ……………………………………………………..... 517
 
 
INTRO TO THE APOCRYPHA 2 2
I
NTRODUCTION TO THE
 
A
POCRYPHAL
/D
EUTEROCANONICAL
B
OOKS
 
Definitions
As the terms are used in the New Revised Standard Version translation, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical books are those works that were included in the Septuagint, the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible with additions, or in the Old Latin and Vulgate translations, but are not included in the Hebrew text that forms both the canon for Judaism and the Protestant Old Testament. All of these works, whether they are individual books or additions to the Hebrew texts of Esther and Daniel, have been regarded as canonical by one or more Christian communities, but not by all. (The exception to this is 4 Maccabees, which appears in an appendix to the Greek Bible.) "Apocrypha" means "hidden things," but it is not clear why the term was chosen to describe these books. It could mean that they were "hidden" or withdrawn from common use because they were viewed as containing mysterious or esoteric teaching, too profound to be communicated to any except the initiated (see 2 Esdras 14.45-46). Or it could mean that such books deserved to be "hidden" because they were spurious or heretical. This ambivalence has continued into the present, although increasingly even scholars from traditions that do not regard these books as canonical consider them of great value for understanding Judaism in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, and thus in the wider contexts, both literary and historical, of the later books in the Hebrew Bible and of the New Testament as well. "Deuterocanonical," along with it coordinate term "protocanonical," is used in Roman Catholic tradition to describe the status of the two groups of books of the Old Testament. The "protocanon" consists of the books of the Hebrew Bible and the "deuterocanon" of the books whose inspiration came to be recognized later, after the matter had

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