The word “step” reers to the distancebetween notes. On the ingerboard, a halstep is equal to the distance o one ret, anda whole step is the distance o two rets. Awhole step is made up o two hal steps.The major scale begins with the start-ing note (the name o the major scale) andollows this pattern o both whole steps(W) and hal steps (H): WWH WWWH. Forexample, the C major scale starts on thenote C, and can be built using this patterno whole and hal steps.You can play a major scale rom anynote by using the WWH WWWH ormula.Remember, one ret on the guitar is a halstep, and two rets is a whole step. So, i youstart on the rst string and play the note onthe rst ret (the note F) and move up on thesame string two rets or every whole stepand one ret or every hal step, you will haveplayed the F major scale up the ngerboard.Scale study is undamental to guitarmastery, no matter what style you play.Learning scales benets our technique andour knowledge and navigation on the in-strument. It helps us organize that ambigu-ous guitar retboard. Anyone can easily seethe C major scale on the piano, but it is adierent story on the guitar. Simply stated,scale study gives us knowledge o the ret-board and develops our technique.Learning scales helps us to prepare toplay tonal music. Most music we hear (andperorm) has tonal centers (keys). The keyo a piece o music is derived rom the scalerom which the melody and harmony arederived.Let’s start by looking at the major scale.A major scale is a succession o notes con-sisting o a pattern o hal and whole stepsthat create that amiliar sound o “Do Re MiFa Sol La Ti Do.”
Larry Baioneis Chair o the Berklee College o Music Guitar Department. Baione has been aaculty member since 1974 and has been Chair since 1990. He has studied with Lenzy Wallace,Mick Goodrick, Bill Harris, William Leavitt, Bucky Pizzarelli and Jim Hall. He received hisBachelors in Music rom Berklee and his Masters in Music rom New England Conservatory.While attending Berklee, he received the Downbeat Hall o Fame Scholarship award.
GUITAR SCALE BASICS
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