THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HIV/AIDS IN LOS ANGELES
The continued spread of HIV and all forms of hepatitis constitutes a public health crisisin America. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) points out that infections fromsyringe use go far beyond those who inject drugs. People who have sex with aninjection drug user and children born to women exposed to these infections are also atrisk. A 2003 CDC report documents that between 1981 (when AIDS first appeared) –2001, approximately 1.4 million Americans contracted the virus that causes AIDS
.In the late 1990’s a new treatment became available known as antiretroviral therapy. Asa result of introducing this new treatment, the number of persons who died from AIDSwas substantially reduced. However, the need for prevention still existed as people werecontinuing to contract the virus itself. In fact, it is estimated that approximately 40,000Americans have contracted AIDS each year since 1994. “Since the early 1990s, anestimated 40,000 new HIV infections have occurred annually in the United States.During 1999--2001, in the 25 states that had HIV reporting since 1994, the number of persons who had HIV infection newly diagnosed increased 14% among MSM and 10%among heterosexuals. The number of persons in the United States living with HIVcontinues to increase, and of an estimated 850,000--950,000 persons living with HIV, anestimated 180,000--280,000 (25%) persons are unaware of their serostatus”
.In January 2007, the Los Angeles Department of Public Health, published its semi-annual surveillance summary on HIV/AIDS in LA County
. The number of personsreported as having contracted AIDS in LA was 694, the lowest number sincedocumentation began. Men who are injection drug users and have male to male sexual
Fleming P, Byers RH, Sweeney PA, Daniels D, Karon JM, Janssen RS. HIV prevalence in the UnitedStates, 2000. [Abstract]. In: Program and abstracts of the 9th Conference on Retrovirusesand Opportunistic Infections, Seattle, Washington, February 24--28, 2002. Alexandria,Virginia: Foundation for Retrovirology and Human Health.