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53153858 qUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUES Vohra Instructor Manual All Chapter File 1

# 53153858 qUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUES Vohra Instructor Manual All Chapter File 1

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05/05/2013

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CHAPTER 2
1.Let
x
1
and
x
2
be the output of
P
and
respectively.The LPP is:Maximise
Z
= 40
x
1
+ 30
x
2
ProfitSubject to400
x
1
+ 350
x
2
£
250,000Steel85
x
1
+ 50
x
2
£
26,100Lathe55
x
1
+ 30
x
2
£
43,500Grinder20
x
2
£
17,400Polishing
x
1
£

x
2
Sales
x
1
,
x
2
02.Let the daily output of products
A
,
B
and
be
x
1
,
x
2
and
x
3
respectively. We haveMaximise
Z
= 500
x
1
+ 600
x
2
+ 1200
x
3
ProfitSubject to2
x
1
+ 4
x
2
+ 6
x
3
£
160Platinum3
x
1
+ 2
x
2
+ 4
x
3
£
120Gold
x
1
,
x
2
,
3
03.Let
x
1
,
x
2
,
3
, and
x
4
represent the number of three-compartment bags, shoulder—strap bags, tote bags,and pocket purses, respectively, to be produced per day. With the given data, the LPP is given below:Maximise
Z
= 16
x
1
+ 25
x
2
+ 12
x
3
+ 12
x
4
Subject to45
x
1
+ 60
x
2
+ 45
x
3
+ 30
x
4
£
1920Assembly line
x
4
£
30Pins 1
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
£
70Pins 2
x
3
+
x
4
£
60Raw material
x
4
6Minimum
x
2
10demand
x
1
,
x
2
,
x
3
,
x
4
04Profit per unit of
1
= Rs 30 – (5 + 5) = Rs 20, andProfit per unit of
2
= Rs 70 – (25 + 15) = Rs 30Let
x
1
and
x
2
be the number of units of
1
and
2
respectively, produced and sold. The LPP is:Maximise
Z
= 20
x
1
+ 30
x
2
ProfitSubject to10
x
1
+ 40
x
2
£
4,000Cash3
x
1
+ 2
x
2
£
2,000Machine time2
x
1
+ 3
x
2
£
1,000Assembly time
x
1
,
x
2
05.Let
x
ij
be the amount of money invested at the beginning of month
i
for a period of
j
months. For everymonth, we have: money invested plus bills paid = money available. Accordingly, the LPP is:Maximise
Z
= 1.72
x
14
+ 1.45
x
23
+ 1.02
x
32
+ 1.005
x
41
Subject to
x
11
+
x
12
+
x
13
+
x
14
+ 36,000 = 30,000 + 28,000Month 1
x
21
+
x
22
+
x
33
+ 31,000 = 1.005
x
11
+ 52,000Month 2
x
31
+
x
32
+ 40,000 = 1.02
x
12
+ 1.005
x
21
+ 3,400Month 3
x
41
+ 20,000 = 1.45
x
13
+ 1.02
x
22
+ 1.005
x
31
+ 22,000Month 4all variables
0
Chapter 2.p651/11/10, 11:02 AM1

2
6.Let
x
1
,
x
2
be the number of issues of Daily Life, Agriculture Today and Surf's Up, respectively, publishedevery week.Maximise
Z
= 22.50
x
1
+ 40
x
2
+ 15
x
3
Subject to0.01
x
1
+ 0.03
x
2
+ 0.02
x
3
£
1200.20
x
1
+ 0.50
x
2
+ 0.30
x
3
£
3,000
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
5,000
x
1
£
3,000
2
£
2,000
x
3
£
6,000
1
,
x
2
,
x
3

0
7.Let
x
1
,
x
2
,
x
3
, and
x
4
be the amount invested (in lakh) in government bonds, blue chip stocks, speculativestocks, and short-term deposits respectively. We may state the LPP as follows:Maximise
Z
= 0.14
x
1
+ 0.19
x
2
+ 0.23
x
3
+ 0.12
x
4
ReturnSubject to
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
£
20Budget
12341234
12244864
xxx xxx
+ + ++ + +
£
42Average ris
x
4
2Short-term deposits
x
3
£
0.20 (
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
)Speculative stocks
x
1
,
x
2
,
x
3
,
x
4
08.Let
x
1
,
x
2
, and
x
3
respectively represent the number of units of the parts
A
,
B
, and
produced per hour.With the given information, the hourly profit would be:Profit = (8
5)
x
1

203030252540
é ù+ +ê úë û
x
1
+ (10
6)
x
2

203030402030
é ù+ +ê úë û
x
2
+ (14
10)
x
3

203030252040
é ù+ +ê úë û
x
3
= 0.25
x
1
+
x
2
+ 0.95
x
3
Thus, the LPP is:Maximise
Z
= 0.25
x
1
+
x
2
+ 0.95
x
3
Subject to
312
254025
x  x
+ +
£
1
312
252020
x  x
+ +
£
1
312
403040
x  x
+ +
£
1
x
1
,
x
2
,
x
3
09.Let
x
1
,
x
2
,
....

x
12
be the number of nurses joining at 12 midnight, 2 a.m., 4 a.m., .... and 10 p.m.respectively.Minimise
Z
=
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6

+
7
+
x
8
+
x
9
+
x
10
+
x
11
+
x
12
Subject to
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
50
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
60
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6
80
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6
+
x
7
80
x
5
+
x
6
+
x
7
+
x
8
70
Chapter 2.p651/11/10, 11:02 AM2

3
x
6
+
x
7
+
x
8
+
x
9
70
x
7
+
x
8
+
x
9
+
x
10
60
x
8
+
x
9
+
x
10
+
x
11
50
x
9
+
x
10
+
x
11
+
x
12
50
x
10
+
x
11
+
x
12
+
x
1
30
x
11
+
x
12
+
x
1
+
x
2
20
x
12
+
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
40
x
i

0,
i
= 1 to 1210.Let
x
1
,
x
2
,
,
x
7
be the number of doctors starting on day 1, 2,
, 7, respectively, beginning withSunday. The LPP may be stated as given below:Minimise
Z
=
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6
+
x
7
Subject to
x
1
+
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6
+
x
7
35
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
5
+
x
6
+
x
7
55
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
6
+
x
7
60
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
7
50
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
60
x
2
+
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6
50
x
3
+
x
4
+
x
5
+
x
6
+
x
7
450
£

x
i

£
40,
i
= 1, 2,
, 711.Let production lines 1, 2, and 3 are run for
x
1

x
2
and
x
3
days respectively.Minimise
Z
= 600
x
1
+ 500
x
2
+ 400
x
3
Subject to150
x
1
+ 200
x
2
+ 160
x
3
2,000100
x
1
+ 100
x
2
+ 80
x
3
3,000Output500
x
1
+ 760
x
2
+ 890
x
3
3,000400
x
1
+ 400
x
2
+ 600
x
3
6,000
x
1
£
20
x
2
£
20Capacity
x
3
£
18
x
1
,
x
2
,
x
3
012.Let
x
ij
be the number of units produced in plant
i
and sent to customer
j
;
i
= 1, 2 and
j
= 1, 2, 3, 4.Minimise
Z
= 25
x
11
+ 30
x
12
+ 40
x
13
+ 45
x
14
+ 51
x
21
+ 41
x
22
+ 36
x
23
+ 31
x
24
Subject to0.10
x
11
+ 0.10
x
12
+ 0.10
x
13
+ 0.10
x
14
£
1200.20
x
11
+ 0.20
x
12
+ 0.20
x
13
+ 0.20
x
14
£
2600.11
x
21
+ 0.11
x
22
+ 0.11
x
23
+ 0.11
x
24
£
1400.22
x
21
+ 0.22
x
22
+ 0.22
x
23
+ 0.22
x
24
£
250
x
11
+
x
21
= 500
x
12
+
x
22
= 300
x
13
+
x
23
= 1,000
x
14
+
x
24
= 200
x
ij
013.Let
x
1
,
x
2
and
x
3
, respectively, be the number of vehicles
A
,
B
and
purchased.Maximise
Z
= 6,300
x
1
+ 10,800
x
2
+ 11,340
x
3
Subject to80,000
x
1
+ 130,000
x
2
+ 150,000
x
3
£
40,00,000
x
1
+
x
2
+
x
3
£
303
x
1
+6
x
2
+6
x
3
£
150
üïýïþüïýïþ
Chapter 2.p651/11/10, 11:02 AM3