I: INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES ANDNATURALRESOURCES
Two mark question
Define Environmental studies.
Environmental studies are the process of educating the people for preserving quality environment
What is environment?
Environment is sum total of water, air, and land, inter-relationships among themselves and also with thehuman beings, other living organisms and property
Mention the scope of Environmental studies.
To get an awareness and sensitivity to the total environment and its related problems.
To motivate the active participation in environmental protection and improvement.
To develop skills for identifying and solving environmental problems.
To know the necessity of conservation of natural resources.
To evaluate environmental programmes interms of social, economic, ecological, and aesthetic factors.
Mention the importance of Environmental studies
The air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we consume and the land we live on are allcontaminated by the industrial activities.
There is no zero pollution industry. Because of the lack of self discipline and not worrying about our,future generation, the valuable resources are polluted.
To solve the above problems, the knowledge of environmental studies is very important.
By environmental studies, people will understand the concept of "Need of development withoutdestruction of environment".
What is mining? Mention the methods of mining. Or What are the types of mining?
Mining is the process of extraction of metals from a mineral depositTypes of mining(a) Surface mining: Surface mining is the process of extraction of raw materials from the near-surfacedeposits.
(b) Underground mining:
It is the process of extraction of raw materials below the earth's surface. Itincludesi) Open-pit mining:In open-pit mining machines dig holes and remove the ores.
Ex: Iron, copper, limestone, sand stone, marble, etc.,
(ii) Dredgeing:In dredging, chained buckets and draglines are used, which scrap up the minerals from under-water mineral deposit.(iii) Strip mining:In strip mining, the ore is stripped off by using bulldozers, stripping wheels
Enumerate the effects or impact of mining on the environment. OrState the environmental effects of extracting & using mineral resources.
Devegetation and Defacing of Landscape
Subsidence of Land
Ground water Contamination
Surface water Pollution
Occupational Health Hazards
What are Dams? How is it useful to human beings?
Dams are built to control flood and store flood water.
Sometimes dams are used for diverting part or all of the water from river into a channel.
Dams are used mainly for drinking and agricultural purposes.