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Cyprus draft MoU II

Cyprus draft MoU II

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Published by Yannis Koutsomitis
Cyprus draft MoU II with the Troika, Apr 1, 2013 version.
Cyprus draft MoU II with the Troika, Apr 1, 2013 version.

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Published by: Yannis Koutsomitis on Apr 01, 2013
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Contains sensitive information, not for further distribution DRP
Memorandum of Understanding on SpecificEconomic Policy Conditionality
The economic adjustment programme will address short- and medium-term financial, fiscaland structural challenges facing Cyprus. The key programme objectives are:
to restore the soundness of the Cypriot banking sector by thoroughly restructuring,resolving and downsizing financial institutions, strengthening of supervision,addressing expected capital shortfall and improving liquidity management;
to continue the on-going process of fiscal consolidation in order to correct theexcessive general government deficit, in particular through measures to reducecurrent primary expenditure, and maintain fiscal consolidation in the medium-term, in particular through measures to increase the efficiency of public spending within amedium-term budgetary framework, enhance revenue collection and improve thefunctioning of the public sector; and
to implement structural reforms to support competitiveness and sustainable and balanced growth, allowing for the unwinding of macroeconomic imbalances, in particular by reforming the wage indexation system and removing obstacles to thesmooth functioning of services markets.
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1. Fiscal policy 
Key objectives
Putting public finances on a sustainable path is of overriding importance in order to stabilisethe economy and to restore the confidence of companies, citizens and foreign investors in thelonger-term economic prospects of Cyprus.In this context, the objectives are: (1) to continue the on-going process of fiscal consolidationin order to achieve a 4% of GDP primary balance in 2017 and maintain at least such a levelthereafter; (2) to correct the excessive general government deficit as soon as possible; (3) tothis end, to fully implement the fiscal measures agreed in the 23 November 2012 staff-levelagreement
and the additional fiscal consolidation measures agreed for 2013, totalling 1.5%in 2013; (4) to achieve the annual budgetary targets as set out in this Memorandum throughhigh-quality permanent measures, and additional measures in the outer years, in particular toreduce the growth in expenditure on the public sector wage bill and social benefits, whileminimising the impact of consolidation on vulnerable groups; and (5) to maintain fiscalconsolidation over the medium term, converging towards Cyprus' medium-term budgetaryobjective, by containing expenditure growth, improving the structure of taxation andundertaking fiscal-structural measures (see section 3), including the implementation of aMedium-Term Budgetary Framework designed in accordance with EU specifications.Pursuing its commitments as stipulated in the provisional staff level agreement reached on 23 November 2012 between Cyprus and the EC/ECB/IMF on a draft Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), the Cypriot authorities adopted a number of fiscal measures for 2012-2014 as well as initial steps in relation to fiscal-structural reforms.
The Cypriot authoritiescommit to the full implementation of these measures, to monitor the budgetary effect of themeasures taken on a monthly basis and to address any deviation from the projected budgetaryeffect. The fiscal measures taking effect in 2012 were included in the amended 2012 BudgetLaw, which was presented to programme partners for review before submission to the Houseof Representatives. Likewise, the budgetary measures with effect in 2013 were embedded inthe 2013 Budget Law after having been reviewed by programme partners. The impact of theadditional permanent measures for 2014 have been embedded in the multi-annualexpenditure targets accompanying the 2013 Budget Law (see Annex I).In the event of underperformance of revenues or higher social spending needs due to adversemacroeconomic effects, the government should stand ready to take additional measures to preserve the programme objectives, including by reducing discretionary spending. Over the programme period, cash revenues above programme projections, including any windfallgains, will be used to reduce debt. If instead over-performance materialises, to the extent thatit is deemed permanent, this can reduce the need for additional measures in the outer years.
The measures were estimated to total
7¼% of GDP
during 2012-2016, based on the macro-economic projection underpinning the 23 November 2012 staff-level agreement. For 2012-13: 3% of GDP; 2014:
% of 
GDP; 2015: 1½% of GDP; and 2016: 1% of GDP
The adopted bills amounted to consolidation measures of about 5.0% of GDP for 2012-2016, in particular 0.3% of GDP in 2012, 2.3% of GDP in 2013, and 1.9% of GDP in
2014, and ½% of GDP in 2015
-2016 basedon the macro-economic projection underpinning the 23 November 2012 staff-level agreement.
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Fiscal policy in 2013
The authorities will achieve a general government primary deficit of no more thanEUR 395 million (2.4% of GDP) in 2013
. Over 2013, the authorities will rigorouslyimplement the 2013 Budget Law with additional permanent measures of at least EUR 351million (2.1% of GDP).The 2013 Budget Law was presented for review by the programme partners beforesubmission to the House of Representatives and was adopted on 20 December 2012. The budgetary target for 2013 was accompanied by elements for a medium-term budgetaryframework, which were adopted accompanying the 2013 Budget Law, in particular expenditure ceilings for the budget years 2013-2015 for each government entity.Additional permanent measures for 2013 will be presented for review by programme partners before submission to the House of Representatives, and shall be adopted prior to the grantingof the first disbursement of financial assistance.To this end, the authorities will amend the 2013 Budget Law that will contain the additionalconsolidation measures and accordingly, the revised general government primary deficit. Inaddition, the authorities will update the expenditure ceilings for the budget years of 2013-2015.The additional consolidation measures will be applicable retroactively from 1 January 2013,unless otherwise specified, and will include the following:
Revenue measures
Ensure additional revenues from property taxation of at least 70 million by: (i)updating the 1980 prices through application of the CPI index for the period 1980 to 2012;and/or (ii) amending tax rates for the value bands.1.3.
Reduce the expenditure on various housing schemes by at least EUR 36 million byconsolidating and streamlining the schemes for the displaced and the ComprehensiveHousing Scheme, discontinuing the special grant for acquiring a first residence and ceasingthe provision of loans and loan guarantees related to house construction and acquisition under all government-administered housing schemes. (see 3.9).1.4.
Increase the statutory corporate income tax rate to 12.5%.1.5.
Increase the tax rate on interest and dividend income to 30%.1.6.
Increase the bank levy on deposits raised by banks and credit institutions in Cyprusfrom 0.11% to 0.15% with 25/60 of the revenue earmarked for a special account for aFinancial Stability Fund1.7.
Undertake a reform of the tax system for motor vehicles, based on environmentally-friendly principles, with a view to raising additional revenues, through the annual road tax,
The 2013 deficit target may be revised to take into account the potential compensation of pension funds' losseson deposits in Cyprus Popular Bank not covered by deposit guarantee scheme.

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