Texas Gang Threat Assessment 2012 UNCLASSIFIED 2
The key analytic judgments of this assessment are:Gangs continue to represent a significant public safety threat to the State of Texas, andare responsible for a disproportionate amount of crime in our communities. Of incarcerated members of Tier 1 and Tier 2 gangs, more than half are serving a sentencefor a violent crime, including robbery (25 percent), homicide (14 percent), andassault/terroristic threat (12 percent).The Tier 1 gangs in Texas are Tango Blast (estimated at 10,000 members), TexasSyndicate (4,500 members), Barrio Azteca (3,500 members), and Texas Mexican Mafia(6,000 members). These organizations pose the greatest gang threat to Texas due to their relationships with Mexican cartels, large membership numbers, high levels of transnational criminal activity, and organizational effectiveness.Mexican cartels continue to use gangs in Texas as they smuggle drugs, people, weapons,and cash across the border. Members of Tier 1 gangs have been recruited by the cartels tocarry out acts of violence in both Texas and Mexico. The relationships between gangsand cartels have evolved over the past year, due in part to volatility and changes in cartelstructures and relationships in Mexico.Gang activity in Texas is growing, with the current number of gang members likelyexceeding 100,000.
More than 2,500 gangs have been identified throughout the state,ranging from small gangs with few members and limited geographic reach to large gangscomposed of thousands of members operating in all regions of Texas.