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WaterResourcesEngineering (CEE340)-Topic3PartIII

WaterResourcesEngineering (CEE340)-Topic3PartIII

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Published by: Rae Zur B on Apr 02, 2013
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Hydraulics and Water Resources(CEE 340)(Topic 3)
Open Channel Flow(Part III)Text: P192-199 (Section 4-3)
Dr. Xixi (Jack) Wang, P.E.
Steady Gradually Varied Flow:Governing Equation
Energy Equation:
22222111
hg2Vyzg2Vyz
+++=++
12
yyy
=
xSzz
021
xSh
Usually, S
0
is small
 
Steady Gradually Varied Flow:Governing Equation
( )
    
=
g2VyxSS
20
Divide the two sides by
x:
( )
xg2VxySS
20
    
=
When
x
0:
( )
dxg2VddxdySS
20
    
=
Steady Gradually Varied Flow:Governing Equation
222
Ag2Qg2V
=
For steady flow, Q is constant
( )
dxdAAgQdxAdg2QdxAg2Qddxg2Vd
3222222
==
    
=
    
dxdyBdx)By(d dxdA
==
B1FB1ygVBygVAg1AQAgQ
2r22232
===
    
=
Channel width
 
Steady Gradually Varied Flow:Governing Equation
dxdyFdxdyBB1FdxdAAgQdxg2Vd
2r2r322
=
    
    
= =
    
( )
dxdyFdxg2VddxdySS
2r20
=
    
=
Rearrange it to get the governing equation for steady gradually varied flow:
0210222211021221202
SSEESSg2Vy)g2Vy(SSg2Vg2V)yy( SSg2Vddydx
=
    
++=
    
+=
    
+=
2r0
F1SSdxdy
=
Depth change alongflow direction
Computation of Water Surface Profile
A river reach is subdivided into a number of subreaches
Each subreachis assumed to have uniform bed slope S
0
and energy gradient S
Each subreachis analyzed by solving the governing equation
The equation cab be solved by “one-stepor multi-stepnumerical methods
The “one-stepmethod treats a subreachas one basic analysis unit
The “multi-stepmethod further subdivides a subreachinto a number of sub-subreaches, and treat each of the sub-subreachesas one basic analysis unit
channel bedS
,1
S
0,4
S
,4
ELS
,3
S
,2
S
,3
S
0,2
S
0,1
x
4
x
3
x
2
x
1
12345River reach
Subreach1Subreach2Subreach3Subreach4

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