Millions of fans eagerlyawait the opening of thebaseball season in April eachyear. During the late 19th and 20thcenturies, baseball was the most widelyplayed sport in the United States, earningthe title “America’s pastime.” As PresidentClinton said on the eve of the 1995 WorldSeries, “Baseball is part of our commonheritage.” The story of baseball and thestory of our nation are intertwined. Andsince the records at the National Archivesdocument our national experience, it onlyseems natural that stories of both baseballand American history would be discoveredamong these documents. But among thenumerous records created by the threebranches of the FederalGovernment and preserved atthe National Archives, what storiescan be found? This book showcases asmall slice and tells the story of ournational pastime found at the NationalArchives. The documents that followprovide examples of the role of baseballduring the two world wars, ﬁghts formutually agreeable contracts and equalopportunity on and off the playing ﬁeld, theuniversal appeal of the game to players andfans (even the “highest-ranking” fans of all—U.S. Presidents), improvements to thesport, and celebrations along the way.