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at the sea.pdf

at the sea.pdf

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Published by: Ferina Datoc on Apr 03, 2013
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The Practical Oceanographer – 
A Guide to Working At-Sea
Rick Chapman
Applied Physics LaboratoryThe Johns Hopkins UniversityJohns Hopkins RoadLaurel, MD 20723tel:(240) 228-4209fax:(240) 228-5548email: rick.chapman@jhuapl.edu
February 9, 2004Copyright 1996-2004 by Rick Chapman, All Rights Reserved
 
Table of Contents
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................1Chapter 1. The At-Sea Experience...........................................................................................................................4Chapter 2. Planning....................................................................................................................................................8Scientific Planning and Collaborations......................................................................................................9Scientific planning and goals......................................................................................................9Collaborations, contracts and agreements................................................................................9Science Plan.....................................................................................................................................11Assigned Responsibilities..........................................................................................................11Graduate Students At Sea.............................................................................................................12Test Plan.............................................................................................................................................................13Coordination.....................................................................................................................................................15Chain of command.........................................................................................................................15Ship resource allocation..............................................................................................................16Coordination of multiple groups..............................................................................................17Coordination of multiple platforms.........................................................................................18Coordination of preparation and onload................................................................................18Communications..............................................................................................................................................18Marisat, cellular phone and fax, telemetry, ............................................................................19Communication schedules..........................................................................................................20Group psychology.........................................................................................................................21Communications etiquette..........................................................................................................22Chain of command.........................................................................................................................23 Navigation and Timing..................................................................................................................................24What to pack......................................................................................................................................................26Packing lists....................................................................................................................................27Expendables....................................................................................................................................27Tools..................................................................................................................................................28Instrumentation and spares.........................................................................................................28Personal Gear...................................................................................................................................28Travel...................................................................................................................................................................30On load................................................................................................................................................................31Planning Checklist..........................................................................................................................................33Chapter 3. Safety.......................................................................................................................................................35Training..............................................................................................................................................................36Deck Operations...............................................................................................................................................38Rules of Deck Operations............................................................................................................38 Night and Heavy Seas Operations.............................................................................................40Tag Lines and the Control of Loads..........................................................................................41The Most Dangerous Times.........................................................................................................42Ship’s Crew......................................................................................................................................43Electrical Safety................................................................................................................................................43Laser Safety........................................................................................................................................................45Radar Safety.......................................................................................................................................................46Safety Checklist...............................................................................................................................................47Chapter 4. Test Conduct..........................................................................................................................................49Professionalism................................................................................................................................................49The Chain of Command..................................................................................................................................51Who’s Who in the Crew..................................................................................................................................51The Cruise Log..................................................................................................................................................53Keeping to Schedule.......................................................................................................................................55Know Your Limits............................................................................................................................................55Decision Making..............................................................................................................................................56Gathering Opinions.......................................................................................................................56Assessing Blame when Things Go Wrong..............................................................................56Be Decisive......................................................................................................................................57Imaginative Solutions..................................................................................................................57The Big Picture...............................................................................................................................57Communications..............................................................................................................................................59Your Job At Sea................................................................................................................................................59The At-Sea Classroom.....................................................................................................................................60Seasickness........................................................................................................................................................61Offload................................................................................................................................................................63
 
 Nautical Terminology.....................................................................................................................................64Knots...................................................................................................................................................................64Test Conduct Checklist..................................................................................................................................65Chapter 5. Instrumentation....................................................................................................................................66Development.....................................................................................................................................................66Instrument Design.........................................................................................................................66How NOT to Build a Buoy...........................................................................................................68Design Rules...................................................................................................................................69Preparation.........................................................................................................................................................71The Effects of Poor Preparation..................................................................................................74An Example Preparation Checklist...........................................................................................75Know Your Instrument...................................................................................................................................77Redundancy.......................................................................................................................................................80Instrumentation Checklist............................................................................................................................84Chapter 6. Data Acquisition and Analysis.........................................................................................................85Timing.................................................................................................................................................................85Requirements..................................................................................................................................85Sources of Time for Data Streams..............................................................................................86Clock Drift.......................................................................................................................................86Solutions..........................................................................................................................................87Backup................................................................................................................................................................87On Board Analysis...........................................................................................................................................88Goals for Cruise End.......................................................................................................................................89Quick Look Analysis......................................................................................................................................89Data Distribution.............................................................................................................................................90Data Acquisition and Analysis Checklist.................................................................................................92Chapter 7. People......................................................................................................................................................94Crew Relations..................................................................................................................................................94The Crew’s Home............................................................................................................................95Privacy..............................................................................................................................................95Mess Etiquette................................................................................................................................95Including the Crew........................................................................................................................96Sociology of Scientists and Crew.............................................................................................97Adjustments......................................................................................................................................................98Leadership..........................................................................................................................................................98Other Scientists.............................................................................................................................................101Women at Sea.................................................................................................................................................103Chapter 8. Other Resources.................................................................................................................................105References................................................................................................................................................................107Acknowledgments.................................................................................................................................................108Appendix A. Excerpts from the APL Safety Manual.....................................................................................109Appendix B. Nautical Terms...............................................................................................................................136Appendix C. Annotated Packing Lists.............................................................................................................142Appendix D. Knots................................................................................................................................................153

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