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OXFAM 2012 Emergency Food Security Livelihoods Urban Programme Evaluation

OXFAM 2012 Emergency Food Security Livelihoods Urban Programme Evaluation

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Published by Jeffrey Marzilli
This report sets out findings from three assessments of Oxfam’s urban emergency food security and
livelihoods programmes in Nairobi (Kenya), Port-au-Prince (Haiti) and Gaza. The purpose of the
assessments was to explore the following areas:
• Appropriateness
• Timeliness
• Targeting
• Impact
• Accountability
• Partners’ experience
The three programmes differed substantially and responded to very different types of vulnerability:
• The Nairobi Urban Social Protection Programme (NUSPP), which included cash transfers, cash for work,
skills training and business grants, and advocacy to the government for scale-up. The assessment is
based on primary fieldwork.
• Oxfam’s Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods (EFSL) response to the earthquake in Port-au-Prince,
Haiti, which included cash for work, food and cash grants, training and in kind transfers. This assessment
is based on Levron 2011.
• The Gaza Food Security and Livelihoods Programme (GFSL), which included cash for work, a voucher
programme, training and support to income generation. This assessment is based on Levron 2011.
This report sets out findings from three assessments of Oxfam’s urban emergency food security and
livelihoods programmes in Nairobi (Kenya), Port-au-Prince (Haiti) and Gaza. The purpose of the
assessments was to explore the following areas:
• Appropriateness
• Timeliness
• Targeting
• Impact
• Accountability
• Partners’ experience
The three programmes differed substantially and responded to very different types of vulnerability:
• The Nairobi Urban Social Protection Programme (NUSPP), which included cash transfers, cash for work,
skills training and business grants, and advocacy to the government for scale-up. The assessment is
based on primary fieldwork.
• Oxfam’s Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods (EFSL) response to the earthquake in Port-au-Prince,
Haiti, which included cash for work, food and cash grants, training and in kind transfers. This assessment
is based on Levron 2011.
• The Gaza Food Security and Livelihoods Programme (GFSL), which included cash for work, a voucher
programme, training and support to income generation. This assessment is based on Levron 2011.

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Published by: Jeffrey Marzilli on Apr 03, 2013
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Oxfam GB Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods Urban Programme Evaluation
Final Report
Ian Macauslan with Laura Phelps
05 March 2012
 
OXFAM GB EMERGENCY FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS URBAN PROGRAMME EVALUATION 1
Acknowledgements
This reported has benetted from extensive discussions with Laura Phelps from Oxfam GB, whocommissioned it. Thanks also for being a great co-researcher.The entire Oxfam Kenya team were extremely helpful during eldwork. Particular thanks most go toSumananjali Mohanty for making so many arrangements and being interviewed so many times, andPatricia Parsitau for her assistance and availability. There are many other members of this team whohelped us signicantly.Staff at the Mukuru Slum Development Projects in Nairobi were extremely helpful with assistance witheldwork and answering repeated questions. Particular thanks to Anne Muthoni for coordinating.Eric Levron’s report formed the basis for two thirds of what is here, so many thanks to him. I hope hisviews have not been misrepresented.Girija Bahety, Lee Crawfurd and Alex Hurrell from Oxford Policy Management have all made signicantcontributions to this report, through review, discussion or initial analysis, so many thanks to them. A draft of this report has been reviewed and commented on extensively by Joyce Dalgliesh, Philippa Youngand Sumananjali Mohanty from Oxfam. It has been peer reviewed by Lee Crawfurd from Oxford PolicyManagement.This report owes most of all to the people who took time to be interviewed or to participate in discussionsin Kenya, Haiti and Gaza. I hope that it will be of use to you, however indirectly.
This assessment is being carried out by Oxford Policy Management.The project manager is Ian MacAuslan The remaining team member is Alex Hurrell.For further information contact ian.macauslan@opml.co.ukThe contact point for the client is Laura Phelps at lphelps@oxfam.org.uk.Oxford Policy Management Limited6 St Aldates Courtyard, 38 St Aldates, Oxford OX1 1BNTel +44 (0) 1865 207300 Fax +44 (0) 1865 207301Email: admin@opml.co.ukWebsite: www.opml.co.ukRegistered in England: 3122495 United Kingdom
 
OXFAM GB EMERGENCY FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS URBAN PROGRAMME EVALUATION i
Table o contents
Acknowledgements 1Executive summary i
Introduction iUrban vulnerability iFindings iiConclusions and Recommendations iv
List of tables and gures ii
Abbreviations iii1 Introduction 1
1.1 Evaluation purpose 11.2 Programmes assessed 11.3 Evaluation methodology 51.4 Report structure 7
2 What is urban vulnerability? 8
2.1 Urban populations 82.2 Factors affecting urban vulnerability 112.3 Urban poverty 162.4 Urban food insecurity and malnutrition 182.5 Implications for programming 21
3 Appropriateness and timeliness 32
3.1 Introduction 323.2 Nairobi Urban Social Protection Programme 323.3 EFSL in Port-au-Prince 423.4 Gaza Food Security and Livelihoods Programme 45
4 Targeting 47
4.1 Introduction 474.2 Nairobi urban social protection programme 474.3 EFSL in Port-au-Prince 544.4 Gaza Food Security and Livelihoods Programme 554.5 Conclusions from Port-au-Prince and Gaza 56
5 Impact 57
5.1 Introduction 575.2 Nairobi urban social protection programme 575.3 EFSL in Port-au-Prince 655.4 Gaza Food Security and Livelihoods Programme 69
6 Accountability 70
6.1 Introduction 706.2 Nairobi urban social protection programme 706.3 EFSL in Port-au-Prince 716.4 Gaza Food Security and Livelihoods Programme 71
7 Institutional arrangements 72
7.1 Introduction 727.2 Partnership 737.3 Oxfam capacity 74
8 Conclusions 76
8.1 Overview 768.2 Implications for the three programmes 768.3 Implications for Oxfam’s EFSL urban programming 80

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