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Hygiene Student Outline

Hygiene Student Outline

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Published by dlneisha61

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: dlneisha61 on Mar 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2013

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Introduction
·
Hygiene is the practice of cleanliness
·
Various studies have confirmed that improvedpersonal hygiene practices reduce illness rates,2001).
·
Vary among people
Factors affecting hygiene
·
Economic status
·
Culture
·
Ability to perform self-care
·
Personal preference
·
 Time/Frequency
·
Age and Illness
·
Physical function
–Poor vision–Decreased sense of touch–Limitation with mobility
Nursing Process for Skin Care and Personal Hygiene
·
What is the Nursing Process?
·
I will begin that process by _______ the following areas?
–Skin–Eyes, Ears, Nose–Hair–Nails and Feet–Perineal and Vaginal areas----Yes you must assess this area!
Interview Questions/Skin Alterations
·
How long have you had this problem?
·
Does it bother you?
·
How does it bother you (itching)?
 
·
Have you found anything helpful in relieving thesesymptoms?
Skin
·
Head to toe fashion, good lighting, compare forsymmetry
·
Intact skin is the body’s first line of defense,prevents microbes from entering the body andcausing infection.
·
Mucous membranes must also be clean and intact
Factors to Consider When Examining Skin
·
Cleanliness
·
Color
·
 Temperature
·
 Turgor
·
Moisture
·
Sensation
·
Vascularity
·
Evidence of lesions
Eyes, Ears, Nose
·
Specific care the client performs.
·
Specific care measures r/t use and care of visualaids prosthetics
·
History of problems
Care of Eyes
·
Clean from inner to outer canthus with wet, warmcloth, cotton ball, or compress
·
Use artificial tear solution or normal saline every 4hours if blink reflex is absent
·
Care for contact lenses
 
Ear and Nose Care
·
Wash external ear with washcloth-covered finger; do notuse cotton-tipped swabs
·
Perform hearing aid teaching and care if indicated
·
Clean nose by having patient blow it if both nares arepatent
·
If indicated, use nasal suctioning with bulb syringe
·
Remove crusted secretions around nose and applypetroleum jelly
The Oral Cavity
·
Observe for oral problems
–Dental caries-decay of teeth, cavities (diet)–Periodontal disease-inflammation of gums–Other oral problems-stomatitis, glossitis, cheilosis
·
Identify actual or potential oral problems thatnurses can treat
·
Identify appropriate nursing measures
·
Carry out the plan of care
 Administering Oral Hygiene
·
Moistening the mouth
·
Cleaning the mouth
·
Caring for dentures
·
 Toothbrushing and flossing
·
Using mouthwashes
Hearing Aids
·
Batteries must be checked routinely.
·
Ear pieces or molds must be cleaned daily with mildsoap and water.
Contact Lens Care
·
Small disc worn directly on the eyeball

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