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Basic Electronics Formulas

Basic Electronics Formulas

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Published by angeltandingan
Electronics Engineering
Electronics Engineering

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Published by: angeltandingan on Apr 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/14/2014

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PHYS 401 Physics of Ham Radio
26
Basic Electronics
Chapter 2, 3ABasic Electrical Principles andthe Functions of Components
Figures in this course book arereproduced with the permission of the American Radio Relay League.This booklet was compiled byJohn P. Cross AB5OX
 
PHYS 401 Physics of Ham Radio
27
Basic Electrical Principles
 
Conductors - keep loose grip on their electrons and allowelectrons to move freely. Metals are usually goodconductors.
 
Insulators - keep close hold of their electrons and do notallow free movement of electrons. Glass, wood, plastic,mica, fiberglass and air are good insulators.
 
Electromotive Force (EMF) is the force that moveselectrons through conductors. Its unit of measure is theVolt. Think of it as similar to a pressure.
 
Voltage Source - has two terminals (+ and -). Someexamples are car batteries (12 volts DC), D cell batteries(1.5 volts DC) and a wall socket (120 volts AC).
 
Current - is the flow of electrons. It is measured inamperes. (convention – current sign is – to electron velocity)
 
Resistance (ohms,
Ω
) is the ability to oppose an electricalcurrent.
 
PHYS 401 Physics of Ham Radio
28

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