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History of the Tiles

History of the Tiles

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Published by Jafet Ospina

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Published by: Jafet Ospina on Apr 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/14/2014

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History of the tiles
In the construction industry there is a concept of work that is inevitable andthat 100% of new construction should be used, the waterproofing materialespecially in the Mexican republic is in great demand due to the geographiclocation of our country and the rainy season which usually lasts 6-8 monthseach year.For builders, the decision to apply some kind of waterproofing variesdepending on the surface, cost, durability, and warranty application, itmakes this very often leads them to make a decision if it is not inaccurateinformation properly before taking the decision.Formerly the way to waterproof the roofs of the buildings did not include anymaterial industrialized and had to use natural material taken from the place.The roofs of the old farms, churches, convents, houses, etc., Used thehousetops system consisting of a mezzanine consists of wooden beams,clay tile handmade type quadroon and a layer of clean soil compactedachieved a cant approximately 40-80 inches depending on the area of eachceiling finally applied a layer of red brick annealing handmade petatilloshaped and finally apply a solution of alum which achieved an impermeablesurface.Note that this type of roofs lacked rain downspouts and drainage couldusually based on gargoyles located on the perimeter of the roof and usuallyemptied the water quickly to prevent puddling.Importantly, this protection system for roofs was used for many years, over 300 to be precise and only thanks to the industrial revolution and thediscovery of oil begin to invent materials made from oil and ranging torevolutionize the market.With the advent of the oil industry in the 20's and the discovery of newmaterials such as oil refining petrolizados, refined gasoline, diesel andrefined oils of different densities, using a mixture of crude oil and ammoniaknown as tar, which began to be used as a protective coating on newconcrete roof due to the smooth surface and the possibility of generating arubber layer which when cooled becomes a flexible rubber.For a long time the tar was used directly in both foundations to roofs as itappears on the market the cardboard sheet asphalt, that is a very thickcardboard sheet with tar that washed into the role of a protective andwaterproof membrane before of traditional brickwork.
 
But eventually the builders discovered that after a certain time sheetdeteriorates, which caused him to get up the brickwork every time itappeared a leak or moisture thereby causing the repair to become a truework of construction on the roof of the building.In the sixties and through research conducted by the NASA in the spacerace trying to bring man to the moon, they discover a myriad of newmaterials that will force the transformation of the plastics industry, therebyachieving the discovery glass fiber, recycled material which enablesapplications in various fields and particularly in the area of thewaterproofing, obtaining a mesh or fabric of very thin glass fiber and of small thickness, that being the principle achieve the prefabricatedwaterproofing membrane , as best call, membrane fiberglass reinforcement.This waterproofing system achieves a success in the seventies and eightiesvirtually eliminated the use of the famous tar and asphalt board, however,and due to the growth of cities, pollution and acid rain, it is found that themembrane system reinforcing mesh weathers very quickly forcing thecustomer to renew this membrane on average every three years, which costin question fails to repay the investment, plus the usual inconvenience of having to remove the old material.The petrochemical industry continues to investigate new materials andprefabricated membranes achieved by modifying obtain crude oil andadding glass fibers and polyester layers of materials applied accomplishingheat vulcanizing plates allow achieving a perfectly sealed and obtaining agreater resistance to rain acidic weathering of materials and thickness moreimportant, giving you greater elongation temperature changes in thematerial.In the last decade, the development and research of new materials isenabling significant progress achieved so there is now a rubber backingmembrane that achieves greater resistance to acid rain and increasedelongation sudden temperature changes achieving smooth and uniformcoating but for now has not had the required disclosure and that oncemention.
 
asphalt roof samples

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