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info_iec61140{ed3.0}b

info_iec61140{ed3.0}b

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Published by StanVarembe
International Standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
International Standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

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NORMEINTERNATIONALE
CEIIEC
INTERNATIONALSTANDARD
61140
Troisième éditionThird edition2001-10
Protection contre les chocs électriques –Aspects communs aux installationset aux matérielsProtection against electric shock –Common aspects for installationand equipment
Commission Electrotechnique InternationaleInternational Electrotechnical Commission
Pour prix, voir catalogue en vigueur For price, see current catalogue 
IEC 2001 Droits de reproduction réservés
  
Copyright - all rights reserved
Aucune partie de cette publication ne peut être reproduite niutilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé,électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et lesmicrofilms, sans l'accord écrit de l'éditeur.No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized inany form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopying and microfilm, without permission inwriting from the publisher.
International Electrotechnical Commission3, rue de Varembé Geneva, SwitzerlandTelefax: +41 22 919 0300e-mail: inmail@iec.ch IEC web site http://www.iec.chCODE PRIXPRICE CODE
X
PUBLICATION FONDAMENTALE DE SÉCURITÉBASIC SAFETY PUBLICATION
 
 – 2 61140 © CEI:2001
SOMMAIRE
AVANT-PROPOS....................................................................................................................6INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 101 Domaine d’application .................................................................................................... 122Références normatives...................................................................................................123Définitions......................................................................................................................144Règle fondamentale de protection contre les chocs électriques.......................................304.1Conditions normales.............................................................................................304.2Conditions de simple défaut..................................................................................304.2.1Protection par deux dispositions de protection indépendantes....................324.2.2Protection par une mesure de protection renforcée....................................324.3Conditions particulières.........................................................................................325Dispositions élémentaires de protection (éléments de mesures de protection).................345.1Dispositions pour la protection principale...............................................................345.1.1Isolation principale....................................................................................345.1.2Barrières ou enveloppes............................................................................345.1.3Obstacles..................................................................................................365.1.4Mise hors de volume d'accessibilité au toucher..........................................365.1.5Limitation de la tension..............................................................................385.1.6Limitation du courant de contact en régime établi et de la chargeélectrique..................................................................................................385.1.7Gradient de potentiel.................................................................................385.1.8Autres dispositions....................................................................................385.2Dispositions de protection en cas de défaut...........................................................385.2.1Isolation supplémentaire............................................................................385.2.2Liaisons équipotentielles de protection.......................................................405.2.3Protection par écran..................................................................................425.2.4Indication et déconnexion dans les installations et réseaux à hautetension......................................................................................................445.2.5Coupure automatique de l'alimentation......................................................445.2.6Séparation simple (entre circuits)..............................................................445.2.7Environnement non conducteur.................................................................445.2.8Gradient de potentiel.................................................................................465.2.9Autres dispositions....................................................................................465.3Mesures de protection renforcées.........................................................................465.3.1Isolation renforcée.....................................................................................465.3.2Séparation de protection entre circuits.......................................................465.3.3Source à courant limité..............................................................................485.3.4Impédance de protection...........................................................................485.3.5Autres dispositions....................................................................................486Mesures de protection....................................................................................................486.1Protection par coupure automatique de l'alimentation............................................486.2Protection par isolation double ou renforcée..........................................................486.3Protection par équipotentialité...............................................................................506.4Protection par séparation électrique......................................................................506.5Protection par environnement non conducteur (basse tension)...............................506.6Protection par TBTS..............................................................................................50
 
61140 © IEC:20013
CONTENTS
FOREWORD..........................................................................................................................7INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................111Scope............................................................................................................................132Normative references.....................................................................................................133Definitions......................................................................................................................154Fundamental rule of protection against electric shock.....................................................314.1Normal conditions.................................................................................................314.2Single-fault conditions...........................................................................................314.2.1Protection by two independent protective provisions..................................334.2.2Protection by an enhanced protective provision..........................................334.3Special cases........................................................................................................335Protective provisions (elements of protective measures).................................................355.1Provisions for basic protection...............................................................................355.1.1Basic insulation.........................................................................................355.1.2Barriers or enclosures...............................................................................355.1.3Obstacles..................................................................................................375.1.4Placing out of arm's reach.........................................................................375.1.5Limitation of voltage..................................................................................395.1.6Limitation of steady-state touch current and charge...................................395.1.7Potential grading.......................................................................................395.1.8Other provisions........................................................................................395.2Provisions for fault protection................................................................................395.2.1Supplementary insulation...........................................................................395.2.2Protective-equipotential-bonding................................................................415.2.3Protective screening..................................................................................435.2.4Indication and disconnection in high-voltage installations and systems.......455.2.5Automatic disconnection of supply.............................................................455.2.6Simple separation (between circuits).........................................................455.2.7Non-conducting environment.....................................................................455.2.8Potential grading.......................................................................................475.2.9Other provisions........................................................................................475.3Enhanced protective provisions.............................................................................475.3.1Reinforced insulation.................................................................................475.3.2Protective-separation between circuits.......................................................475.3.3Limited-current-source..............................................................................495.3.4Protective impedance device.....................................................................495.3.5Other provisions........................................................................................496Protective measures.......................................................................................................496.1Protection by automatic disconnection of supply....................................................496.2Protection by double or reinforced insulation..........................................................496.3Protection by equipotential bonding.......................................................................516.4Protection by electrical separation.........................................................................516.5Protection by non-conducting environment (low-voltage)........................................516.6Protection by SELV...............................................................................................51

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