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USAID Emergencies in Urban Settings: A Technical Review of Food-Based Program Options

USAID Emergencies in Urban Settings: A Technical Review of Food-Based Program Options

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Published by Jeffrey Marzilli
This paper draws from available experience to highlight lessons learned for humanitarian
agencies that have determined, based on a comprehensive assessment on the ground, that food is a necessary
and appropriate resource to use in an emergency response. This paper is intended as a useful reference for those designing food-based responses in urban emergencies.
This paper draws from available experience to highlight lessons learned for humanitarian
agencies that have determined, based on a comprehensive assessment on the ground, that food is a necessary
and appropriate resource to use in an emergency response. This paper is intended as a useful reference for those designing food-based responses in urban emergencies.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Jeffrey Marzilli on Apr 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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EMERGENCIES IN URBAN SETTINGS:A TECHNICAL REVIEW OFFOOD-BASED PROGRAM OPTIONS
USAID OFFICE OF FOOD FOR PEACE OCCASIONAL PAPER 6
AUGUST 2008
This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development.It was prepared by the Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2) managed by theAcademy for Educational Development (AED). The author’s views expressed in this publication do notnecessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the UnitedStates Government.
 
This report is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the supportof the Office of Food for Peace (FFP) of the Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian As-sistance (DCHA) and the Office of Health, Infectious Disease, and Nutrition (HIDN) of the Bureaufor Global Health, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), under terms of Cooperative Agreement No. GHN-A-00-08-00001-00, through the Food and Nutrition TechnicalAssistance II Project (FANTA-2), managed by the Academy for Educational Development (AED).The contents are the responsibility of AED and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or theUnited States Government.Recommended citation: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2).
Emergenciesin Urban Settings: A Technical Review of Food-based Program Options.
 Washington, DC: FANTA-2,Academy for Educational Development, 2008.This document may be reproduced without written permission by including the full citation of thesource. An electronic version is available for download from www.fantaproject.org.Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II ProjectAcademy for Educational Development1825 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, D.C. 20009-5721Tel: 202-884-8000Fax: 202-884-8432E-mail: fanta@aed.orghttp://www.fantaproject.org
 
CONTENTS
Acronyms ........................................................................................................................................................................................i1. URBAN EMERGENCIES ..................................................................................................................................................11.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................................11.2 Urban food security ...................................................................................................................................................22. PLANNING FOOD ASSISTANCE IN URBAN EMERGENCIES ...........................................................42.1 In-depth assessment ..................................................................................................................................................42.2 Targeting interventions .............................................................................................................................................52.3 Exit strategies ................................................................................................................................................................62.4 Security .............................................................................................................................................................................82.5 Institutional partners and stakeholders ..........................................................................................................82.6 Monitoring and evaluation .....................................................................................................................................93. SELECTED URBAN FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM OPTIONS ......................................................93.1 Targeted household food distribution ..........................................................................................................123.2 Food for work (FFW)............................................................................................................................................143.3 Food for training (FFT) .........................................................................................................................................173.4 Wet feeding programs ...........................................................................................................................................193.5 Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programs ........................213.6 Supplementary feeding in maternal and child health and nutrition (MCHN)programs .......................................................................................................................................................................233.7 Institutional feeding for street children, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) andother vulnerable groups .......................................................................................................................................253.8 School feeding programs .....................................................................................................................................273.9 Food support to child care centers ..............................................................................................................293.10 Market assistance programs (MAPs) .........................................................................................................313.11 Support to national strategic food reserves ..........................................................................................33ANNEX A. Additional resources .................................................................................................................................35ANNEX B. The SPHERE Project nutrition and food security assessment checklists .....................38BOXES AND TABLESBox 1: Principle questions in SPHERE Project handbook’s nutrition and food security assessment checklists ...............................................................................................................................................4Box 2: Key targeting terms ..................................................................................................................................................5Table 1: Advantages and disadvantages of targeting approaches in urban emergencies .................7Table 2: Comparative summary of selected program options ....................................................................10

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