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WFP 2008 Technical Guidance Sheet: Urban Food Security and Nutrition Assessments

WFP 2008 Technical Guidance Sheet: Urban Food Security and Nutrition Assessments

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Published by Jeffrey Marzilli
This document is intended to serve as a Technical Guidance Sheet (TGS) in the same vein as
prior EFSA TGSs. As such, it is organized by topic for easy reference by users. However, it
is also a de facto issues paper in that it reflects the collective insights of WFP staff and
secondary sources as to what makes conducting an assessment in urban areas different than
conducting an assessment in rural areas. As such, those preparing to conduct an urban assessment may well find it useful to peruse the entire document to familiarize themselves with what these issues and differences are.
This document is intended to serve as a Technical Guidance Sheet (TGS) in the same vein as
prior EFSA TGSs. As such, it is organized by topic for easy reference by users. However, it
is also a de facto issues paper in that it reflects the collective insights of WFP staff and
secondary sources as to what makes conducting an assessment in urban areas different than
conducting an assessment in rural areas. As such, those preparing to conduct an urban assessment may well find it useful to peruse the entire document to familiarize themselves with what these issues and differences are.

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Published by: Jeffrey Marzilli on Apr 04, 2013
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08/02/2013

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Technical GuidanceSheet
Urban Food Security & NutritionAssessments
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 This TGS was developed upon the initiative of OMCs Assessment, Analysis andEmergency Preparedness team and funded by ECHO and DFID (ISP).Acknowledgements
I would like to acknowledge the following WFP staff for their contributions in helpingidentify key issues and concerns related to urban assessments for inclusion in this TechnicalGuidance Sheet: Claudia, Ahpoe, Salah Allahham, Jean-Martin Bauer, Thomas Beuter,Henk-Jan Brinkmann, Volli Carucci, Valerie Ceylon, Agnes Dhur, Tobias Flaemig, PeterHorjus, Eric Kenefick, Naouar Labidi, Joyce Luma, Sylvie Montembault, Kate Newton,Simon Renk, Scott Ronchini and Issa Sanogo. In addition, special thanks go to LisaBiederlack and Anette Haller in Rome and Anne Callanan and Asif Niazi in Cairo for theirmore substantial contributions and support.
Author’s note
 This document is intended to serve as a Technical Guidance Sheet (TGS) in the same vein asprior EFSA TGSs. As such, it is organized by topic for easy reference by users. However, itis also a de facto issues paper in that it reflects the collective insights of WFP staff andsecondary sources as to what makes conducting an assessment in urban areas different thanconducting an assessment in rural areas. As such, those preparing to conduct an urbanassessment may well find it useful to peruse the entire document to familiarize themselveswith what these issues and differences are.- Greg Collins (June, 2008)
Picture: Monrovia, WFP©Tobias Flaemig, 2006
 
 
 Table of Contents
1. Purpose and rationale 1 2. Common Theme what makes urban different? 13. Scope and limitations 14. Information needs for urban assessments 14.1 Household food security indicators livelihoods, assets, and coping strategies 24.1.1 Definitions 24.1.2 Food Consumption 24.1.3 Food Sources 44.1.4 Income sources 64.1.5 Asset ownership and sales 84.1.6 Expenditures and debts 94.1.7 Coping strategies 104.1.8 Informal safety nets, social networks and social capital 134.2 Integrating market analysis and urban food security assessments 144.3 Nutrition 144.4 Contextual information needs 155. Planning and implementing an EFSA in urban areas 165.1 Defining (and mapping) the population of interest: the sampling frame 165.2 Defining sub-groups of interest for comparison (urban/rural): stratification 185.3 Methodology choices for collecting primary data in urban areas 205.3.1 Sequenced, multi-method assessments 215.3.2 Urban key informants and stakeholder consultations 215.3.3 Cross-cutting practical considerations 225.4 Sampling 245.4.1 Multi-stage random (probability) sampling for use with HH surveys 245.4.2 Snowball sampling and hidden populations’ 306. Scenario forecasting and response options analysis 316.1 Forecast and scenario development 316.2 Response options analysis 316.2.1 Food security (and nutrition) assessment, not food aid assessment 316.2.2 Traditional WFP responses 326.2.3 Conditional and unconditional cash transfers 326.2.4 Social assistance programs and formal/semi-formal social safety nets 336.2.5 Government (and other) response capacity 336.2.6 Food security and nutrition monitoring 346.3 Targeting 34Documents Referenced and Reviewed
 
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