Hans-Joachim Schoeps, Professor of the History of Religion at Erlangen University in Bavaria, is well known toNew Testament scholars in the English-speaking world, buthis work is little known to non-specialists because so littlehas been translated. His study of Paul has received considerable attention since its appearance in translation
(Paul:The Theology of the Apostle in the Light of Jewish ReligiousHistory,
trans. Harold Knight [London: Lutterworth Press,and Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1961]). Just as deserving of attention is Schoeps's lengthy study of JewishChristianity,
Theologie und Geschichte des Judenchristen-turns
(Tubingen, 1949). Many of his conjectures and conclusions in this book have been contested, but it remains oneof the most significant contributions of our century to thestudy of the early Jewish church. It is not this work whichis here presented, but rather a much smaller volume,
published by Professor Schoeps in 1964in a popular paperback series ("Dalp-Taschenbiicher," Vol.376 [Bern and Munich: Francke Verlag]). It presents themain conclusions of the earlier book without the massivedocumentation necessary in scholarly research.
will thus introduce the non-specialist to Schoeps'sresults and at the same time enable the specialist to observeminor shifts in Schoeps's position and his response to thereactions of dissenting scholars after fifteen years of continued study (see, for example, the note on p. 43!).A glossary has been provided to help the non-specialistwith some of the unfamiliar terms found in the book. Fora fuller discussion of these and other terms relating to Jewishv