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Saint Michael the Archangel

Saint Michael the Archangel

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Published by GLENN DALE PEASE
BY E. A. WALLIS BUDGE. B.A..
BY E. A. WALLIS BUDGE. B.A..

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Apr 05, 2013
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SAIT MICHAEL THE ARCHAGELBY E. A. WALLIS BUDGE. B.A..THREE ECOMIUMSBY THEODOSIUS, ARCHBISHOP OF ALEXADRIA,SEVERUS, PATRIARCH OF ATIOCH, ADEUSTATHIUS, BISHOP OF TRAKETHE COPTIC TEXTS WITH EXTRACTS FROMARABIC AD ETHIOPIC VERSIOS, EDITED, WITH A ΤΕΛΝ5ΕΛΉ0Ν ΡΛ'eAJwAIUS budge, Litt. d.,FORMERLY SCHOLAR OF CHRIST'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE, ADTYRWHITrHEBREW SCHOLAR, KEEPER OF THE DEPARTMET OF EGYPTLWAD ASSYRLA ATIQUITIES BRITISH MUSEUM.LODO:KEGA PAUL, TRECH, TRUBER & Co., Ltd.PATEROSTER HOUSE, CHARIG CROSS ROAD.1894.COTETSPacePreface νIntroduction . ixEnglish translation of the Coptic texts i* — loS*
 
The Encomium by Abb a TheodosiuSj Archbishop of Al£;xandri a iThe Encomium by Severus, Patriarch of Antioch ... 63The EC0^ίIUM by Eustathius, Bishop of Trake .... 93The Arabic version of the Encomium by Theodosius(extract) 137The Arabic version of the Encomium by Severus(extract) 155The Arabic version of the Encomium by Eustathius(extract) 170The Ethiopic version of the Encomium by Severus ... 193The Coptic forms of Greek words which occur in theEncomiums 217List of Proper ames 23SPREFACE.In the summer of the year 1892 I had the pleasureof showing to the Marquess of Bute, at the British Museum,a biHngual Coptic and Arabic manuscript containing threeunpublished Encomiums upon Saint Michael the Archangelby Abba Theodosius, Archbishop of Alexandria, Severusof Antioch, and Eustathius, Bishop of Trake, respectively;this manuscript is the property of Lord Zouche, Avho wasso kind as to allow me to take a complete copy of itso far back as 1S85. Lord Bute enquired concerningthe contents of the Encomiums, and regretted that theseinteresting documents were not accessible to the studentsof the early history and literature of Egyptian Christianity,and subsequently he undertook to defray the expensesconnected with the printing of the same.To Lord Bute we already owe a work on the CopticLiturgy,* and it is to his help that those who occupythemselves with the Christian literature of Egypt owe
 
the appearance of this contribution to printed Coptictexts.There is no reason for doubting that the threeEncomiums were Avritten about the beginning of the* The Coptic Morning Service for the Lord's Day, translated intoEnglish by John, Marquess of Bute, K. T., with the original Copticof those parts said aloud, London, 1882.VII'•' century of our era, and in them we see some of the earliest specimens of this class of Coptic literature inexistence. The most ardent lover of Coptic literaturemust confess that the lives of Coptic saints and theEncomiums upon them are generally too full of miraclesand somewhat monotonous exhortations to the listenerand reader, but the Encomiums now published for thefirst time are interesting exceptions to the rule, for theycontain narratives which are full of importance, not onlyfor the philologist and antiquary, but also for the studentof comparative folk-lore and demonology. To the Coptictexts are appended the complete narrative portions of the Arabic translation of the Encomiums, and the Ethiopicversion of the Encomium upon Saint Michael by Severusof Antioch, edited from a venerable manuscript of theXyth century in the British Museum.The Encomium by Eustathius, Bishop of Trake, is of special interest, for it supplies details concerning themaking of an είκών of Saint Michael, and containsan extract from the Coptic version of Physiologus, whichwe now know existed. To my friend Prof. I. Guidi of Rome I am indebted for valuable assistance in readingthe proof sheets of the Arabic portion of the work.May 15. 1894.E. A. WALLIS BUDGE.ITRODUCTIO.

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