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The Basics of First Aid

The Basics of First Aid

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Published by RobVajko
A basic first aid manual covering procedures for cuts, lacerations, fractures, burns, heat stroke, hypothermia, seizures, concussions, fainting, bleeding, shock, choking,breathing problems, diabetes, CPR and AEDs.
A basic first aid manual covering procedures for cuts, lacerations, fractures, burns, heat stroke, hypothermia, seizures, concussions, fainting, bleeding, shock, choking,breathing problems, diabetes, CPR and AEDs.

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Published by: RobVajko on Mar 19, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2013

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2009
Rob Vajko1/1/2009
The Basics of First Aid
“First Aid is defined as any and allemergency care given to an injured orsick person prior to the intervention of any professional medical treatment.”
 
Page 2
The Basics of First Aid
Defining “First Aid”
First Aid is defined as any and all emergency care given to an injured or sick person prior to theintervention of any professional medical treatment.
The purpose of first aid
1.
 
To preserve and sustain the life of the casualty2.
 
To Stabilize the patient3.
 
To prevent contamination4.
 
To aid in better and more rapid recovery5.
 
To aid in the safe transportation of the patient to a hospital of doctor
Points to be clear on
1.
 
The administrator of first aid is NOT A DOCTOR. The role of the first aider is to help keep thepatient alive, as comfortable as possible in order to facilitate the doctor’s job when he or shearrives.2.
 
The first aider should NEVER give up on a patient and terminate life-saving endeavors. Only adoctor should declare a patient dead and stop life-saving procedures.3.
 
Though first aid training is recommended and advisable, you should not allow lack of trainingand/or experience keep you from trying to administer first aid. Your efforts may save a life.
 
Page 3
Part One
– Scene Assessment, Safety andPersonal Protective Equipment 
Being aware of safety issues can make the difference between saving the patient and becoming anotherone of the victims.Instances are too numerous to mention of people who have rushed to help someone else only tobecome a victim as well. Confined Space deaths, for example, count more deaths by rescuers than bythe original victim. Seeing someone collapse, rescuers rush to his assistance without realizing that thereason for the collapse of the victim had to do with an oxygen deficient environment or an elevatedlevel of some fatal gas. The rescuers end up becoming victims as well.Emergencies are, by their very nature, volatile situations and, as such the danger of further injury isincreased.Obvious, immediate dangers include such things as downed power lines, floods, traffic, potentialcollapses in the immediate vicinity, violence by others, unstable ground to name only a few.You need to be aware of which situations you and others around you can control and which ones youwill need the help of emergency personnel (Police, Power Company, Hazmat team, etc…)
REMEMBER: You cannot help someone else if you become a victim yourself!
Beyond the obvious and immediate dangers, there is also the issue of blood borne pathogens and otherissues related to bodily fluids and infectious diseases (Hepatitis, HIV, etc…).PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) such as disposable gloves, CPR Barriers and eye protection may benecessary. Just because these dangers are not immediate (the effects may take years to showthemselves) or visible does not diminish the threat. You need to protect yourself from contamination.

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