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UNESCO _ Education - Life Skills

UNESCO _ Education - Life Skills

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Published by Katerina Dimitriou
Abilities for Adaptive and Positive Behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and the challenges of Everyday LIfe.
Abilities for Adaptive and Positive Behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and the challenges of Everyday LIfe.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Katerina Dimitriou on Apr 05, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/01/2013

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UNESCO | Education - What are the “skills” referred to in this approach?http://portal.unesco.org/education/en//ev.php-URL_ID=36637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
[30/11/2010 5:50:07 μμ]
 
 
A FRESH APPROACH
 
GLOBAL CHALLENGES
 
 
 
 
THE FRESH FRAMEWORK
 
 
Core 1
 
Core 2
 
Core 3
 
Core 4
 
 
THEMES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PARTNERS
As children grow from infancy to adolescence and young adulthood, they need to learnmany kinds of skills. Language, reading, writing and mathematics are considered themost basic of the skills children must master. In addition, they must learn a great varietyof practical skills, like tooth brushing, how to drive a car or use public transportation,food preparation, and basic safety and survival skills. They also need to learn skillsassociated with work, income generation and money management. Last but not least,experience in the field of health education has demonstrated that children need anothergroup of skills that are now generally referred to as “
life skills
.” Although life skills have been closely linked to health related topics, life skills are notconfined to a domain or subject, but represent cross-cutting applications of knowledge,values, attitudes and skills which are important in the process of individual developmentand in lifelong learning. The World Health Organization has defined life skills as
“abilitiesfor adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively withthe demands and challenges of everyday life.”
In particular, life skills are a group of cognitive, personal and interpersonal abilities that help people make informed decisions,solve problems, think critically and creatively, communicate effectively, build healthyrelationships, empathise with others, and cope with and manage their lives in a healthyand productive manner.The skills referred to in the skills-based approach to health education include both thepractical skills associated with specific health behaviours and life skills. A suggestedframework for skills-based programmes could therefore aim at developing competenciesin the four following areas: knowledge and critical thinking skills (learning to know),practical skills (learning to do), personal skills (learning to be) and social skills (learningto live together). The practical skills are the manual skills under learning to do, and thepsycho-social life skills are the skills under learning to know, to be and to live together. Alife skills approach to education is one that teaches an essential combination of skillsneeded in a particular and specific context, both practical and life skills.Depending on the topic, socio-cultural context, age group etc, the specific life skills neededfor an individual at a certain moment and context vary enormously, and it is therefore notpossible to draw up a definitive list of essential life skills.There are, however, some cognitive, personal and interpersonal life skills that aregenerally considered particularly important.
LEARNING TO KNOW - Cognitive abilities> Decision making/problem solving skills
Information gathering skillsEvaluating future consequences of present actions for self and othersDetermining alternative solutions to problemsAnalysis skills regarding the influence of values and attitudes of self and others onmotivation
> Critical thinking skills
Analyzing peer and media influencesAnalyzing attitudes, values, social norms and beliefs and factors affecting theseIdentifying relevant information and information sources
LEARNING TO BE – Personal abilities> Skills for increasing internal locus of control
Self esteem/confidence building skillsSelf awareness skills including awareness of rights, influences, values, attitudes,strengths and weaknessesGoal setting skillsSelf evaluation / Self assessment / Self-monitoring skills
> Skills for managing feelings
Anger managementDealing with grief and anxiety
What’s New
 
ONLINE TOOLS-
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ONLINE RESOURCES-
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School health worldwide-
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UNESCO | Education - What are the “skills” referred to in this approach?http://portal.unesco.org/education/en//ev.php-URL_ID=36637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
[30/11/2010 5:50:07 μμ]
Coping skills for dealing with loss, abuse, trauma
> Skills for managing stress
Time managementPositive thinkingRelaxation techniques
LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER - Inter-personal abilities
 
> Interpersonal communication skills
Verbal/Nonverbal communicationActive listeningExpressing feelings; giving feedback (without blaming) and receiving feedback
> Negotiation/refusal skills
Negotiation and conflict managementAssertiveness skillsRefusal skills
> Empathy
Ability to listen and understand another's needs and circumstances and express thatunderstanding
> Cooperation and Teamwork
Expressing respect for others' contributions and different stylesAssessing one's own abilities and contributing to the group
> Advocacy Skills
Influencing skills and persuasionNetworking and motivation skillsThough this list suggests that the three categories of skills are distinct from each other,health behaviour typically requires the use of a combination of skills simultaneously. Forexample, to avoid early pregnancy a young woman may need decision-making skills("what are my options?"), values clarification skills ("what is important to me?"), self-management skills (“how can I protect myself / how can I achieve my goals”) andinterpersonal skills (“how do I resist pressure to have sex and communicate my decision toothers?”). Ultimately, the interplay between the skills is what produces powerfulbehavioural outcomes.
Depending on the topic, socio-cultural context, age group etc, the specific life skills needed for an individualat a certain moment and context vary enormously, and it is therefore not possible to draw up a definitive listof essential life skills.There are, however, some cognitive, personal and interpersonal life skills that are generally consideredparticularly important.
LEARNING TO KNOW - Cognitive abilities> Decision making/problem solving skills
Information gathering skillsEvaluating future consequences of present actions for self and othersDetermining alternative solutions to problemsAnalysis skills regarding the influence of values and attitudes of self and others on motivation
> Critical thinking skills
Analyzing peer and media influencesAnalyzing attitudes, values, social norms and beliefs and factors affecting theseIdentifying relevant information and information sources
LEARNING TO BE – Personal abilities> Skills for increasing internal locus of control
Self esteem/confidence building skillsSelf awareness skills including awareness of rights, influences, values, attitudes, strengths andweaknessesGoal setting skillsSelf evaluation / Self assessment / Self-monitoring skills
> Skills for managing feelings
Anger managementDealing with grief and anxietyCoping skills for dealing with loss, abuse, trauma

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