Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of mortality globally, accounting for more deathsthan all other causes combined. An urgent development issue, NCDs strike hardest at the world’s low- andmiddle-income populations, where nearly 80% of NCD-related deaths occur. In order to reduce the growingburden of NCDs, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends reducing salt intake in the generalpopulation as a cost-effective strategy. Measures in this direction are considered a “best-buy” approachto preventing NCDs. Salt is a commonly used term referring speciﬁcally to sodium chloride (5 g salt
2 gsodium). The positive health impact of reducing an individual’s salt intake is reﬂected in scientiﬁc evidenceof a corresponding reduction in blood pressure, among other beneﬁts. Accordingly, WHO recommends apopulation salt intake level of less than 5 g per person per day for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.Salt intake in most WHO European Region countries is far above the suggested amount. The purpose of thisreport is to present an up-to-date view of current salt reduction initiatives in WHO European Member Statesby highlighting activities related to the action points of the relevant global frameworks.
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES - prevention and controlDIET, SODIUM-RESTRICTED - utilizationHYPERTENSION - prevention and controlNUTRITION AND FOOD SAFETYSODIUM CHLORIDE, DIETARYAddress requests about publications of the WHO Regional Ofﬁce for Europe to:PublicationsWHO Regional Ofﬁce for EuropeUN City, Marmorvej 51DK–2100 Copenhagen Ø, DenmarkAlternatively, complete an online request form for documentation, health information, or for permission toquote or translate, on the Regional Ofﬁce web site (http://www.euro.who.int/).
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