Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
an549

an549

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Natnael Getahun Zewude on Apr 06, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/27/2014

pdf

text

original

 
4-1
TM
AN549.1
1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143
|
Intersil and Design is a trademark of Intersil Corporation.
|
Copyright
© 
Intersil Corporation 2000
The HC-5502X/4X Telephone Subscriber Line Interface Circuits (SLIC) 
Introduction 
The HC-5502X/4X family of telephone subscriber lineinterface circuits (SLIC) integrate most of the BORSCHTfunctionsofthetraditionalhybridtransformerinterfacecircuitsonto one chip. The circuits are manufactured in a 200Vdielectricisolation(DI)processandtogetherwithasecondaryprotection diode bridge give 1kV of isolation from lightninginducedfaultsbetweenthesubscriberloopandthetelephoneoffice.The BORSCHT functions provided are:Battery Feed With Loop Current LimitingOvervoltage ProtectionRingingSupervision/SignallingHybridThe HC-5502X is intended for use in systems utilizing singleended tip (positive side) injected ringing and limits the shortloop current to 30mA; the HC-5504X is intended for use inringside(negativeside)injectedringingsystemsandwilllimitthe short loop current to 40mA. It should be noted that theHC-5504X can also be configured to operate in switchesemployingeitherofthetwosingleendedringingmethodsandin balanced ringing systems.ThisnotewilldescribeeachsubfunctionoftheSLICandwilldiscuss several system design features, including balancenetworks and complex impedance matching.
An Overview of the Basic Phone Loop And Its Environment 
Figure 1 illustrates a simplified telephone network. Eachsubscriber is connected via a 2-wire (2W) loop to a switchoffice which provides intersubsciber loop switching andsignal processing (analog and/or digital).The SLIC is the primary interface between the 4 wire (4W)(groundreferenced)lowvoltageswitchenvironmentandthe2W (“floating”) high voltage loop environment.The loop consists of a wire A (the Tip wire), the telephonesetoritsequivalent,andwireB(theringwire).ADCvoltageis applied across the Tip and Ring wires at the line cardwhich is housed in the telephone office: The battery isusually a nominal -48V, and is often called the quiet ortalkingbattery.Whenthetelephoneisoff-hook,aDCpathisestablishedaroundtheloop.DCloopcurrentwillflowaroundthe loop from tip feed to ring feed. This is called BatteryFeed.
FIGURE 1.SIMPLIFIED TELEPHONE NETWORK
Application NoteJanuary 199
Author: Geoff Phillips 
 
4-2 
TheSLICmustbeabletosensethisDCcurrentandflagtheswitch controller: This is referred to as Switch HookDetection (SHD). It tells the switch controller that the line isbusy, and is a supervisory function.The subscriber set is often located very close to the switchoffice.Thus,theloopresistancewillbeverylowandtheSLICshould incorporate a feedback network that will limit the loopcurrenttoaspecifiedmaximumtopreventbatterypowerdrainand minimize power dissipation at the board level. The HC-5502X/4X SLICs sense the loop current and adjust thevoltage on the ring side of the line to cause line currentsaturation.The telephone can be rung by switching a ring relay toconnect a ring generator to the loop. The on-off switching ofthe relay (cadencing) is controlled by the Ring Command(RC) input which gates the relay driver output. When theuser answers the telephone, the ring relay is automaticallytripped, the ring command signal is inhibited and the 2Wloopismadereadyforvoicetransmission.VoicesignalsaretransmittedontotheloopbydirectlymodulatingtheDCfeed.This AC voice signal is coupled to the users earpiece via atransformer in the telephone set. Voice transmission for the2Wtothe4Wsystemiscalledthehybridfunction.For2Wto4W transmission, the subscriber talking into his setmodulatestheresistanceofthetelephonemicrophone.Thiscauses AC current in the loop which is sensed by the SLICandtransmittedasagroundreferencedvoltagesignaltothesignal processing electronics within the switch.Subscriber loops are usually measured in terms of loopresistance. The nominal loop length is 1200
. Owing to thelength of the lines and their location near power lines,common mode or longitudinal currents are often induced.The SLIC has to distinguish between these noise signals(longitudinal) and the transversal signals, and reject theunwanted longitudinal components: this is a measure of theSLIC's longitudinal balance. The primary noise sources are60/50Hzpowerlines,cablecrosstalk,andR
F
transmissions.The Intersil SLICs will accommodate 15mA
RMS
of noisecurrents on each side of the loop.The line is also subjected to lightning strikes. Together withprimary and secondary protection networks, the SLIC mustwithstand 1kV peak of lightning induced energy. In fact, theplasticencapsulatedIntersilSLICcanwithstanda1kVpeakstrike with a small signal diode bridge providing voltageclamping and current steering.
The Intersil HC-5502X/4X 
The HC-5502X/4X family of SLICs are primary intended foruse within Private Branch Exchanges (PBX) although theycan be used in the larger switch networks found in CentralOffices (CO).Figure 2 shows the functional schematic of the SLIC. Thesubfunctions to be described are:Line Feed AmplifiersTransversal AmplifiersLoop Current Limiting: Metallic, Fault and ThermalLimitingRing Trip and Ground Key DetectionSpare or Uncommitted Operational AmplifierLogic Network
Line Feed Amplifiers 
The line feed amplifiers are high power op amps, and areconnected to the subscriber loop through 300
of feedresistance; the configuration is shown in Figure 3. The feedresistors provide a 600
balanced load for the 2W to 4Wtransmission, and limit longitudinal currents; the tworesistorsimmediatelyadjacenttothefeedamplifiersfunctionassenseresistorsfor2Wto4Wtransmissionandsignallingpurposes.The tip feed amplifier is configured as a unity gain non-invertingbuffer.A-4Vbias(derivedfromthenegativebattery(V
B-
) in the bias network) is applied to the input of theamplifier.Hence,thetipfeedDClevelisat-4V.Theprincipalreason for this offset is to accommodate sourcing andsinking of longitudinal noise currents up to 15mA
RMS
withoutsaturatingtheamplifieroutput.Thetipfeedamplifieralso feeds the ring feed amplifier, which is configured as aunity gain inverting amplifier as seen from the TF amplifier.The noninverting input to the R
F
amp is biased at a VB-/2.Looking into this terminal the amplifier has a noninvertinggain of 2. Thus, the DC output at ring feed is:V
RF
(DC) = (4 + V
B-
) VoltsFor a -48V battery, V
RF
= -44V. Hence, the nominal batteryfeed across the loop provided by the SLIC is 40V. When thesubscriber goes off-hook this DC feed causes current(metallic current) to flow around the loop.ThereceivedaudiosignalV
RX
fromtheswitchisfedintothetip feed amplifier and appears at the TF terminal. It is alsofed through the ring feed amplifier and is inverted. Thus, adifferential signal of 2V
RX
appears across the line: for a600
linethiscompensatesthe6dBlossduetothe600
ofline feed resistance. The V
RX
signal causes AC audiocurrents to flow around the loop which are then AC coupledto the earpiece of the telephone set. Figure 4 shows thesingle ended AC equivalent circuit of the subscriber loop forvoice transmission. In the general case the signal designequation for 4W to 2W transmission is given by:
V
LINE
Z
LINE
600Z
LINE
+---------------------------------
   
2V
RX
×
=
Application Note 549 
 
4-3 
V
B2
V
B1
V
B2
V
B3
V
B4
V
B5
+5VI
B1
I
B2
I
B3
I
B4
I
B5
I
B6
I
B7
I
B8
V
BAT
I
B9
I
B10
I
B11
V
B
+V
B
+A-100TRANSV’LI/V AMP
-
+I
B6
R
6
R
5
R
11
V
B
+R
7
R
8
R
10
R
9
R
22
R
23
R
3
 
R
4
R
1
R
2
R
16
R
15
V
BAT
V
BAT
R
12
V
BAT
V
B
+A-200LONG’LI/V AMPI
B7
-
+R
20
V
BAT
V
B
+A-400TIP FEEDAMPI
B4
-
+RINGFEEDSENSEV
BAT
V
BAT
5VV
B4
I
B8
RING TRIP DETECTOR+SWITCH HOOKV
B1
I
B6
+R
18
DETECTORV
B
+Q
D28
Q
D27
V
BAT
-
+
-
GND SHORTSCURRENTLIMITINGI
B1
V
B3
THERMALLIMITINGV
B5
STTLAND LOGICINTERFACERFCSHGKV
B5
-
+I
B2
LOAD CURRENTLIMITINGR
14
R
13
V
BAT
V
BAT/2
REFERENCER
21
V
BAT
A-300RING FEEDAMPI
B5
-
+RINGR
F
TIPTF102319RXC4V
BAT
BATANADIGV
B
+GNDGNDGND212211122363 (4)*
+-
OUT201918V
BAT
I
B3
V
B
+V
B
+5VI
B10
V
BAT
PD15RCSHDGKDC216131714TXC3RSRD87245 R
17
V
B2
V
B
+R
19
V
BAT
Q
D3
Q
D36
VOLTAGE AND CURRENTBIAS NETWORKA-500OP AMP
FIGURE 2.SLIC FUNCTIONAL SCHEMATIC
C14** PIN DESIGNATION DIFFERS BETWEENHC5502X AND HC5504X
Application Note 549 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->