Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Alan Brinkley American History Chapter 34 Outline

Alan Brinkley American History Chapter 34 Outline



|Views: 5,794|Likes:
Published by xmelanyj

More info:

Published by: xmelanyj on Mar 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as RTF, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Melany E. Jon-Medinaperiod 4
Chapter 34: The Age of GlobalizationA Resurgence of Partisanship
Launching the Clinton Presidency 
The new administration compounded its problems with a series of missteps andmisfortunes in its first months.
A long time friend of the president, Vince Foster, serving in the office of the WhiteHouse counsel, committed suicide in the summer of 1993.
Despite its many problems the Clinton administration could boast of some significantachievements in its first year.
Clinton was a committed advocate of free trade and a proponent of many aspects of what came to be known as globalism.
He won approval of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), whicheliminated most trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Early in 1993, he appointed his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, which proposed asweeping reform designed to guarantee coverage to every American and holddown the costs of medical care.
The foreign policy of the Clinton administration was at first cautious and even tentative-a reflection, perhaps, of the president’s relative inexperience in internationalaffairs, but also of the rapidly changing character of international politics.The United States was among the nations to send peaceke eping troops to Bosnia to police the fragile settlement, which-despite many pessimistic predictions-was stilllargely in place 7 years later, although terrible new conflicts soon emerged inother areas of the Balkans.
The Republican Resurgence
For the first time in 40 years, Republicans gained control of both houses of Congress.
 Newt Gingrich of Georgia, released a set of campaign promises signed by almost allRepublican candidates for he House and called it the “Contract with America”.
It called for tax reductions, dramatic changes in federal spending to produce a balanced budget, and a host of other promises consistent with the long-time goals of theRepublican Party’s conservative wing.
The Republican Congress proposed a series of measures to transfer important powersfrom the federal government to the states.
Medicare program to reduce costs.
In November 1995 and again in January 1996, the federal government literally shutdown for several days because the president and Congress could not agree on a budget.
The Election of 1996
The United States presidential election of 1916 took place whileEuropewas embroiledin World War I.
Public sentiment in the stillneutralUnited States leaned towards the Britishand French  (allied) forces, due to the harsh treatment of civilians by theGerman Army, whichhad invaded and occupied large parts of Belgiumand northern France.
Despite their sympathy with the allied forces most American voters wanted to avoidinvolvement in the war, and preferred to continue a policy of neutrality.
Clinton Triumpant and Embattled 
He proposed a relatively modest domestic agenda, consisting primarily of tax cuts andtax credits targeted at middle-class Americans and designed to help them educatetheir children.
In early 1998, inquiries associated with the Paula Jones case led to charges that the president had had a sexua l relationship with a young White House intern, MonicaLewinsky; that he had lied about it in his deposition before Jones’s attorneys; andthat he had encouraged her to do the same.
Clinton admitted that he had an “improper relationship” with Monica.The president seemed to have escaped his difficulties as a result of strong popular support.
Impeachment, Acquittal, and Resurgence
House leaders resisted all calls for dismissal of the charges or compromise.
First the House Judiciary Committee and then, on December 19, 1998, the full House, both voting on strictly partisan lines, approved 2 counts of impeachment: lying tothe grand jury and obstructing justice.
Expanding role of scandal in American politics driven by an increasingly sensationalistmedia culture, the legal device of independent counsels, and the intenselyadversarial quality of partisan politics.
 Numerous reports of Serbian atrocities against the Kosovans, and an enormous refugeecrisis spurred by Yugoslavian military action in the province, slowly roused worldopinion.
The Two-Tiered Economy 
The increasing attendance created enormous new wealth that enriched those talented, or luck, enough to profit from the areas of booming growth.
Between 1980 and the mid-1990s, the average family incomes of he wealthiest 20 percent of the population grew by nearly 20 percent.
Poverty in America had declined steadily and at times dramatically in the years after World War II, so that by the end of the 1970s the percentage of people living in poverty had fallen 12 percent.
The most important economic change, and certainly the one whose impact was the mostdifficult to gauge, was what became known as the “globalization” of the economy.
As late as 1970, international trade still played a relatively small role in the Americaneconomy as a whole, which thrived on the basis of the huge domestic market in North America.
Imports rose.
The North American Free Trade Agreement and the General Agreement on Trade andTariffs, were the boldest of a long series of treaties designed to lower trade barriers stretching back to the 1960s.
Science and Technology in the New Economy
The Personal Computer 
The most visible element of the technological revolution to most Americans was thedramatic growth in the use of computers in almost every area of life.
The development of the microprocessor, first introduced in 1971 by Intel, whichrepresented a notable advance in the technology of integrated circuitry.
Apple launched its Apple II personal computer, the first such machine to be widelyavailable to the public.
3 years later, Apple introduced its Macintosh computer technology, among other things.
Computerized word processing replaced typewriters and spreadsheets revolutionized bookkeeping.
The computer revolution created thousands of new, lucrative businesses: computer manufacturers themselves (IBM, Apple, Compaq, Dell, Gateway, Sun, Digital,and many others).

Activity (15)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
bxscience liked this
Daysi Colom liked this
Bryant Trinh liked this
mbizzle30 liked this
vogela liked this
jalilahbyrd liked this
Wiley Xu liked this
kelp134 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->