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Underground Bunkers

Underground Bunkers

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Published by apache101
Underground Bunkers
Underground Bunkers

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: apache101 on Apr 07, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Underground Bunkers Now and Then:Security Shelters for Changing Threats
Executive Summary
From the secret safe areas in medieval castles to “panic rooms” found in someurban residences and office buildings, fortified refuges have always played a rolein security preparation. During the 20th Century, when modern warfare put civilian populations at risk, civil defense planners adapted on the military fortifications pioneered in the U.S. Civil War and World War I by creating underground shelters of various kinds. These facilities became familiar during the Cold War, and even though the much-feared nuclear conflict never materialized, many Civil Defense bunkers have proven useful as shelters for  people afflicted by natural disasters of various kinds.Underground bunkers can be as rudimentary as a hand-dug foxhole, or aselaborate and sophisticated as the subterranean complex such as the oneestablished beneath the ill-fated Maginot Line. Amid gathering economic and social crises, the prospect of terrorist attacks, and the continuing plague of natural catastrophes, people seeking to provide security for themselves and their families would be wise to investigate the various options for building anunderground security shelter 
For centuries, people seeking security in uncertain times have looked tounderground protection from attack and mass violence. “Bunkers” of this kindrun the spectrum from the miry trenches of World War I, the foxholes of World War II, to the all but impenetrable Colorado mountain fortress that housesNORAD’s command center.During World War II, the German “Blitz” of London drove many English familiesto seek shelter underground. Refugees crowded the subway tunnels. Somefamilies were able to devise their own shelters. One popular method was the useof exterior basement or cellar stair wells – generally made of brick or stone -- astemporary shelter. An arched corrugated metal cover was placed over thestairwell and covered with one or two feet of dirt. This could provide animpressive degree of protection: In one incident, a bomb landed in a yard rightnext to an improvised shelter of this kind, and the occupants emerged unscathed while the home was completely destroyed. The effectiveness of this methodpromoted the British government to issue the arched corrugated covers to anyone who had a suitable stairwell.
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The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki introduced a new era in the useof underground shelters: Now the fear was not merely high-intensity raids withhigh explosives, but the possibility of an attack with nuclear weapons that coulddestroy a single city in one fell swoop.During the Cold War – a nuclear stand-off that occupied four decades following WWII -- the United States and USSR each had arsenals containing tens of thousands of individual warheads, each of which was much larger than the bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The logic of “mutually assureddestruction” meant that an attack by either side would lead to a catastrophicnuclear exchange that could leave hundreds or thousands of cities devastated.These fears shaped the underground shelters of that era.The Cold War-era “fallout shelter” was a deep underground redoubt. It was sizedand stocked with the intention of being self-sufficient for very long periods of time. These nuclear shelters were made of various materials -- from concrete tocorrugated metal tubing -- and buried deep enough to protect from initial nuclear blasts and radiation. Their size and complexity meant that such shelters wereexpensive, and very difficult to conceal. Building and stocking a shelter like thisrequired a great deal of disposable income – and, often, a high threshold of tolerance for the kind of ridicule Noah endured as he built the Ark.Fortunately, the Cold War came to an end without the much-dreaded nuclearexchange. One lasting legacy of that period is the familiar image of a “falloutshelter” – which is why any mention of a security shelter is likely to be rewarded with a roll of the eyes and perhaps a sarcastic reference to “Cold War paranoia.” Although we’re not presently haunted by the thought of thousands of nuclear weapons passing each other in the upper atmosphere on their way to theirprospective cities all over the world, the nuclear threat has not become extinct but it has evolved. If nuclear weapons were to be used today it would most likely  be a very small number of weapons delivering an electro-magnetic pulse (EMP) –an energy burst that would fry most electronics and render many familiarelectrical devices and power generating facilities useless.In addition to the diminished by still-present threat of nuclear attack, there arenew fears helping to shape the attitudes of modern shelters. In fact, my studieshave found that the threat of nuclear weapons is at or near the bottom of theroster of current concerns. At the top we find economic collapse; social collapse;chaos resulting from the collapse of our own monetary system; pandemic;coronal mass ejections – a high-intensity solar flare whose effects would be likean EMP; terrorism; and natural disasters such as tornadoes and hurricanes.Since these threats have evolved, current trends in underground refuge havechanged as well -- from a focus on deep underground bunkers to an “urbanfoxhole” approach.
For more white papers and resources, visithttp://www.survivalist.com
 An urban foxhole is a smaller security bunker than the familiar Cold War-stylefallout shelter. Because of its smaller size it can be installed covertly. In fact, insome cases it can be installed under your existing garage floor.The new urban foxhole style shelter can be used numerous ways. Essentially it isan underground shelter designed for personal survival, or caching of food and weapons in preparation for any kind of catastrophic event. Because of the smallersize of the unit (compared to deep underground long-term bunkers) it is far lessexpensive than old- style bunkers.Because it can be installed directly under your garage floor it has the advantage of  being accessed from inside your home. This is a very exciting feature. Your urbanfoxhole can be used for a safe room for your children or loved ones in case of home invasion. It can also be used as a secure vault for your valuables andemergency stores while you are away from home. This would keep valuables safefrom natural disasters – such as flooding or fires – or the predations of opportunistic criminals. It also offers non-crisis uses, as well: Because of itsconstant relative inside temperatures and insulated hull system it is also ideal asa wine room.Here are a few survival plans demonstrating just how you would use the UrbanFoxhole:
Economic Collapse
. In the event of a full-blown economic implosion, whichseems to be the most acute immediate threat, would be social chaos. Widespreadlooting would ensue as panicked people fought for whatever they could get off of any store shelves. Local law enforcement would quickly be overwhelmed – or, asit happened in the aftermath of Katrina, would join the looting while disarmingcitizens seeking to protect their property, until the military is brought in tomaintain order.If you had access to an Urban Foxhole, however, you would have an ample supply of stores protected in your shelter. Your objective at this point would be to keep your supplies safe and continue to use whatever outside resources is availableuntil depleted. Your supplies would be secure from flooding or fire. This meansthat your goods would still be available if you had to abandon your hometemporarily for any reason.Once public reserves are depleted, social chaos would escalate. You might seegroups banding together for security, most likely by geography, such asneighborhood or church In those circumstances it would be wise not to discloseto anyone you have a shelter filled with supplies. If people begin looting homesand robbing to survive then the shelter will offer a very safe place for the family tosleep. With the entrance located in your garage, your loved ones can be safely secured in just seconds. If possible, never leave the homes main living space vacant. Armed security should always maintain a presence in the house to keep it
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