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ABB Distribution Transformer Guide

ABB Distribution Transformer Guide

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MV Transformer selection and installation.
MV Transformer selection and installation.

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Published by: David Pauline McHattie on Apr 07, 2013
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06/18/2014

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DistributionTransformer Guide
Distribution Transformer DivisionJefferson City, MissouriJune, 1979Revised March, 2002
ISO 9001 CERTIFIED
 
1
Foreword
The purpose of this guide is to assemble fundamental informationconcerning common ratings, connections, and applications of distri-bution transformers. The information presented is a summary of thesefundamentals and is intended as a reference for those who dealoccasionally with distribution transformer applications. This guide doesnot purport to cover all aspects of selection and application; if ques-tions arise or further details are required, contact ABB Inc.
 © Copyright 1995 ABB. All rights reserved.
 
2
Page
 A.Application................................................................................4B.Physical Description.................................................................4C.Protection and Accessories......................................................11
 A.Designation of Winding Voltage Ratings.................................17B.Polarity......................................................................................20C.Terminal Designations..............................................................21D.Short Circuit Ratings................................................................22E.Sound Level Ratings................................................................22F.Tolerance Definitions................................................................23G.Impedance Calculations...........................................................23H.Efficiency Calculations.............................................................24I.Regulation Calculations...........................................................24J.Performance Example..............................................................26K.Secondary Fault Current—120/240 Volt Systems...................27
 A.Application Considerations......................................................34B.Summary of Common Connections.........................................41C. Common Three-Phase Banks Using Single-PhaseTransformers...........................................................................48
 A.Paralleling.................................................................................51B.Delta-Delta Bank Loading........................................................51C.Overloading..............................................................................52D.Single-Phase and Three-Phase Loading of Symmetrical andUnsymmetrical Transformer Banks..........................................53E.Dedicated Motor Loads............................................................66
 A.Effects of Voltage Unbalance...................................................71B.Voltage Unbalance Definitions.................................................71C.Causes of Voltage Unbalance.................................................73D.Voltage Unbalance With Three-Phase Loading......................731.Delta-Delta and Floating Wye-Delta Banks........................742.Open-Delta Banks...............................................................75
Solid and Concentric Stranded Aluminum and Copper Conductors....................................................................................80Temperature Correction Factors for Resistance of AluminumConductors....................................................................................81Logarithm Tables...........................................................................83Nominal direct-Current Resistance, Ohms per 1000 Feet, at20
°
C and 25
°
C of Solid and Concentric Stranded Conductors....85Natural Functions of Angles..........................................................86Typical Isokeraunic Map................................................................87Selected SI Equivalents................................................................88

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