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Petroleum Facilites of Germany 1945 101

Petroleum Facilites of Germany 1945 101

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PRODUCING - 33North German oil fields.2.5 NORTH GERMAN OIL FIELDS2.5.1 GeneralIn the North German Basin oil is generally trapped on salt dome structureswhich have frequently been compared with the fields of the Gulf Coast, Texas andLouisiana, and particularly with the interior salt domes of these states. However,attempts to explore for oil in the North German Basin, by applying Gulf Coastmethods, namely, drilling around the edges of the domes near the salt, have not resulted in outstanding successes. For example, at Nienhagen drilling was startedat the edge of the salt because of the presence of oil seeps. Only gradually wasexploration extended some distance from these seepages and eventually the best pro-duction was developed on a nose about
3,000
meters distant from the salt plug.This characteristic of many of the German salt domes has been attributed to twomain periods of uplift separated by an erosion interval—the first uplift duringthe Jurassic, and the second at the end of the Upper Cretaceous. When the domesfirst appeared during the Jurassic they were apparently of considerable extent withrelatively gentle slopes; a comparatively thin section was involved in the upliftand some faulting occurred. As the salt moved in to form the stock, beds over thesalt area, instead of bending, were faulted down. Some of the oil trapped underthese conditions was not removed by erosion when the domes were truncated duringthe Cretaceous. In the next general movement, at the end of the Cretaceous, thesalt rose rapidly, affecting relatively small areas but with greater intensity thanduring the previous uplift. This movement appears to have been too abrupt to influence greatly the accumulation of oil, although together with the regional movements it served to add to the halo of faults and grabens ranging out from the saltcore.In such relatively shallow domes oil may be found in about the areas whereit was trapped originally; that is, in faults at some distance from the salt core.There are, however, in the North German Basin, domes which have retained their deepseated characteristics acquired in Jurassic time; these structures yield more production than the shallow domes and the productive zone is in closer proximity tothe salt. The testing of such deep-seated salt domes appears to form the mostpromising means of developing large oil production in Germany in the future. However,drilling on even the most favorable prospects in the North German Basin represents a highly speculative venture, as each dome presents entirely different problems not only as to the complexity of the structure but also in the up-dip pinch-out of oil horizons.2.5.2 GeologyStratlgraphy«- The geologic section from Permian to Pleistocene, inclusive,ig much the same over northwest Germany and is summarized in the stratigraphic section shown on pages 34and 35
,
which also shows the producing horizons of variousGerman oil fields.On the map showing the oil regions of Germany (page 26
)
in about the center ofthe North German Basin there is outlined an area of uplift called the PompeckjSwell. This uplift evidently lies along a northward continuation of the Hercynian-Bohemian massive of central Germany, It has no surface expression but was a landarea from Upper Triassic to Middle Cretaceous (Albian) time. The principal oilproducing horizons of Germany—the Wealden, Malm, Dogger, Lias—were, therefore,not deposited on this arch, nor are these horizons known to occur in that part ofthe basin east of the Pompeckj ridge. They are present in the northwest portionof the basin and in the vicinity of Braunschweig (Brunswick) and Hannover, wherethis stratigraphic section reaches its maximum development.Structure,- In the northwestern part of the North German Basin there is fold-
in*
in the hercynian direction, from southeast to northwest, which started at theend of the Jurassic and received an impetus at the end of the Eocene, at the end ofthe Oligocene at the end of the Miocene and a weak final phase as late as Quaternarv These movements are referred to as the Saxonian orogeny. The folding tookplace between old massives and decreases in intensity from south to north.
 
34 - PRODUCINGStratigraphic section
GOOD PRODUCTION
GENERALIZED STRATIGRAPHIC SECTIONOF NORTHWESTERN GERMANY
1934
O MINOR PRODUCTIONG GOOD SHOW
OIL FIELDSOTHER OIL OCCURRENCES
GAS
ASPHALT
AGE AND FORMATIONPRINCIPALLITHOLOGIC CHARACTER
(thicknesses are relative only)
QUATERNARY
RECENT
BOULDERS, GLACIAL TILlSAND AND GRAVELPLIOCENE0'13OO'SAND, CLAYMIOCENE15C-95O'SAND, CLAY,LIGNITEOLIGOCENE
800'
EOCENE160'-330'PALEOCENE250'-600'SAND, CLAY,LIGNITESAND, LIGNITEMARL, SHALE,CHALKSENONIAN500 •
660'
•NOTE 1EMSCHERIAN6O0'-9OO'TURONIAN
9S0'
CENOMANIAN 200'
5§
HAUTERIVIANVALENGINIANSHALE AND SANDSTONESHALE,SANDSTONEMUNDER MERGELMARL, GYPSUMCONTINUED ON FOI LOWING PAGE
 
PRODUCING
m
- 35
Strategraphic section
GENERALIZED STRATIGRAPHIC
SECTION
OF
NORTHWESTERN
GERMANY
(continued)
OIL
FIELDSOTHER
OIL
OCCURRENCES
GAS
ASPHALT
P
RINCIPAL
AGE
AND
FORMATIONLITHOLO
GIC
CHARACTER
(thicknes£es
are
relative only)ORNATENMACROCEPHALEN
|NIEHAEHAIGS
|WIENO|O|OMB|V|WE~~T
1
 STOR
|S|MBN|KS|HWIP|H
[
HLNWE|H
1
 HD
1
HMO|DB|D|DL
|DMONPT
MINE
1
N
INEU
PT
MIN
|MBN|LM
1
 |
VWO|MBN|BM(VN
G
CFPA
TAC
JUC
cn
MUSHE
KEPLADGGEZHSN
BUNTNDSN
K
516958
6
4
2
569
UROTEEDE
UPPERCORNBRASH
'
i'.'
SANDSTONE, SHALE
.' .','.
PARKINSONIGMIDDLECORONATUSSHALESHALE,LOWERPOLYPLOCUS
T
Ci7i
i SANDSTONE00JURENSISPOSIDONIEN
= =
~—-^^:
= BITUMINOUS SHALEUPPERAMALTHEUSMIDDLECAPRICORN
U
SHALEARIETITESLOWERANGULATUSPSILONOTUSSANDSTONE,
'i
SHALERHAET0G— MARL,GIPSKEUPERSANDSTONE,GYPSUMKOHLENKEUPER^ DOLOMITE, SANDSTONET
1
1 ,
(
l 1
UPPER± LIMESTONEMIDDLEM
—'
^ DOLOMITE, GYPSUM
V
LOWERi LIMESTONE- MARL, GYPSUM,UPPER-^
'
ROCK SALTBAUSANDSTEINMIDDLE— SANDSTONE,_ SHALEROGENSTEINLOWERt ROCK SALT,
+
4 POTASH SALT,UPPER
r
t t <"
+- GYPSUM,TGG Gt- ANHYDRITE,
v+v
++
1-
t I" r
f SHALE
V
t
V.
VtVt
STINKSCHIEFER g DOLOMITEG THAUPTDOLOMITMIDDLEANHYDRITEANHYORIT
/
ZECHSTEINKALK
\ .
'
^
LIMESTONE
^ ^
yyyy
T
^^
BITUM SHALE
\
TLOWER5 —-^CONGLOMERATE
"~-
SANDSTONEKONGLOMERAT
~—
M
PORPHYRY
CARBONIFOUS
13
!1SANDSTONEPORPHYRYSANDSTONE, SHALESANDSTONE
'=
=~COAL,SANDSTONE,SHALEGGGGNOTE
1
SENONIAN PRODUCTION
AT
WIETZE-STEINFiJRDE
IS
SECONDARY ACCUMULATION
IN
BASAL TRANGRESSION SANDNOTE
2
OMITTED
IN
TABLE
IS
GOOD
OIL
SHOW
IN
ZECHSTEIN SALT
ON
MAKEL STRUCTURER94A

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