106 - REFININGEurotank, HamburgDetails of TankageCapacity-Metric Tons BarrelsRun-down tanks
11,120Storage tanks 108,476683,400
Europflische Tanklager- und Transport A.G.
Location: Just southeast of the Neuer Petroleumhafen which is on the north side ofthe Elbe River in the western part of Hamburg. Numerous petroleum terminalsare located in this vicinity.Maps and Plans: Layout plan, page 108. Flow diagrams, pages
Locationshown on map on pages 246,347-24aPhotographs,
pages 107, 110,
Description: Annual capacity: 400,000 metric
The rated capacity is
barrels daily of East Texas crude oil or similar oils in balanced operation.However, actual capacity, according to Winkler Koch Engineering
whodesigned the plant, is
barrels daily of East Texas crude in balancedoperation; and up to 11,000 barrels daily of other crudes in operations whenhigh gasoline yields are not sought.From a mixture of East Texas and Mid-Continent crude, the following yieldsare obtained when running somewhat above the guaranteed capacity of
barrels per day:Gasoline - 390-400° E.P. - 10 lb. Reid Vapor Pressure. . 65$ by Vol.Kerosene or Light Gas Oil 10$ « «Pliel Oil (lighter than Bunker C) 20$
"Gas Loss 5$ «
The refinery originally started up on a mixture of Mid-Continent and EastTexas crude
It has since used Rumanian crude and residues,Coastal U.S.A.
Mexican crude and naphthas, German crude, and other crudes, topped
and straight run naphthas.This refinery was completed in 1935 and though designed by Winkler KochEngineering Co. all the materials were made in Germany except a few hot oil
instruments, control valves, and other incidentals which came from theUnited States. Among the German refineries it is second only to the RbenaniaOssag's Harburg refinery in capacity.Processing equipment consisted of a combined skimming, cracking, and reforming unit. All the heat for topping is obtained entirely by heat exchange.In this topping operation the crude first went through heat exchanger and intoa crude debutanizer, operating at up to 50 pound pressure, where a lightstraight run gasoline was flashed off. Then through additional heat exchangerinto a crude flash tower, operating at approximately atmospheric pressurewhere an overhead stream of a heavy straight run gasoline, and two side '
one of kerosene and one of diesel gas oil, were removed. A total ofabout 50 per cent overhead could be taken from East Texas crude. The bottomsthen went directly to the vapor separator of the cracking still where theyacted as quench oil and where heavier gas oils were distilled out of them.The bottoms from the vapor separator went to a vacuum
where a highmelting point pitch was produced. Some of this pitch was sold for asphalt.The penetration, melting point, etc., of pitch could be rather well controlled.Ordinarily, however, it was cut back with a non-viscous diluent from the sidestream of the cracking still bubble tower and sold as residual fuel oil.