No. 79 • Spring 2013
caused by deorestation.* REDD+ acilitates investment
the global South viable as an alternative to the extrac-tive industries driving deorestation. This could take anumber o dierent orms, and infuential delegations
trade carbon osets rom orest conservation projects.
the global South to conserve, buying the right to pol-lute instead o lowering their greenhouse gas emissions
-portant unding, monitoring and human rights aspectso REDD+, but pilot projects have started through the
REDD+ alone there are 46 partner countries and as o
Other Worlds are Possible: Climate JusticeMovements Reject the Green Economy
about the eects o REDD+ on local communities. Iound that social movements are denouncing REDD+ as
against environmental destruction, particularly in the
and its endless growth imperative as a root o the eco-logical crisis.Global South social movements criticize the GreenEconomy or serving the interests o transnationalcorporations and wealthy nations, instead o armingthe rights and well-being o those most impacted byclimate change and environmental degradation.
economy and the environment. However, this is not thecase or the ollowing reasons:
• The same institutions whose neoliberal structural
adjustment packages caused economic and socialturmoil in the global South are now driving theGreen Economy.
has jockeyed to be the primary agent o sustainabledevelopment worldwide.
The Bank generally worksin a top-down manner, implementing capital-inten-sive projects around the world. It plays a powerul
Bank is the second biggest investor in coal plantsworldwide. The Bank’s environmental and social
the eects o projects.
• The Green Economy relies on the innovations
o fnance capitalism without questioning itscapacity to address the root causes o the cli-mate crisis.
continue business as usual by paying or reductionselsewhere rather than address the causes o climatechange: the extraction and burning o ossil uels.Existing carbon markets such as the European Emis-sions Trading System have proven ripe or raud andineective at reducing net emissions.
• Market mechanisms do not address the historical
responsibility o global North countries orcreating climate change or its disproportionateimpacts on the global South and the world’s poor.
socio-environmental group in Chiapas, told me in
credits turn the problem o climate change, whichthey have created, into a speculative business that
Critics have denounced programs
South bears the burden o policies to address climate
• Not only are market mechanisms inadequate for
the task at hand, they are putting the communi-ties most vulnerable to climate change in danger.
Programs such as REDD+, biouel plantations, and
rights and centralizing resources in areas where
environmental imperatives justiy land grabbing, orlarge-scale land appropriation.
A carbon trading
arm construction in Oaxaca, Mexico are a ew exam-ples o Green Economy programs that have pushedindigenous and rural communities o their lands.
• The Green Economy attempts to isolate and price
each component part o nature, contradictinghow ecosystems unction holistically and the
stocks in reducing emissions.