A DISCUSSION AND ACTIVITY GUIDE
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THE MIGHTY MARS ROVERS:
The Incredible Adventures of Spirit and Opportunity
By Elizabeth Rusch
switching rovers. Why? Have you ever experienced this phenomenon? How does it feel?On page 49, Rusch talks about the scientists making “acolor-coded map that used red for the spots where the slopetilted toward the sun and blue for areas that faced awayfrom the sun.” Why was this important for Spirit’s survival?The scientists named the dune where Opportunity got stuck “Purgatory Dune.” What does
mean? Why is thisname appropriate? What are some other names that wouldwork?At one point, Spirit broke a wheel. How did the brokenwheel become an advantage? Describe a time in your lifewhen something that seemed like a bad situation turnedinto a positive one.With the United States in debt and budget cuts affectingeverything from food stamps to education, do you think itis important to continue to send rovers to explore Mars?Why or why not? This could be a class debate, with half arguing for and half arguing against.What have the rovers taught us about Mars? How is itsimilar to our planet? How is it different? How have therovers’ discoveries changed the way we see Mars?
heart. What does she mean by this? Where in the book didyou see this approach in action? Is it effective? Why?Would you be interested in space exploration? Why? What job would you like best? Why?
POST-READING ACTIVITIESLanguage ArtsCreate a Rover Timeline/Comparison
Though Spirit and Opportunity look alike, they each hada unique experience on Mars. Have students create atimelines for each rover, including launch prep problems,the launches, landings, and major movements, discoveries,and crises on the red planet.
Special Features of the Book
This book uses special text and visual features, suchas sidebars, photos, captions, maps, text call-outs, anddiagrams, to enhance the story and add information.Discuss what features the author uses and why they areeffective.
Rover Writing Activities
Students can expand their imaginations and show off their writing skills with these fun, creative writing prompts.1. Create a Mars rover journey journal. Students writean entry per “day” and can include takeoff, landing,driving the rover, exploring craters, potential problemsencountered, etc.
What do you see? What do you do?
from Earth. What do you do?4. Imagine you are a life form on Mars and you see a rover
Create a story.5. Imagine that we have created a colony on Mars and youare moving there. Describe your journey to Mars. Whatis the station like? What is it like to live on Mars?
Science/EngineeringDesign a Mars Rover
Challenge students to draw a picture of their own invention
perform. Have your students label the parts and their functions. Ask: How did your Mars rover land?
How doesyour rover get around? Does it work on unstable ground?
How is it powered?
How does it collect samples?
How doesit record images of its surroundings?
Send your pictures firstname.lastname@example.org and the author may post it onher website!
The rovers needed a way to land safely on Mars. Spirit andOpportunity landed with the help of a parachute, rockets,and airbags. Have students create landing contraptionsto keep an egg safe when dropped from a certain height.Discuss which contraptions worked, which didn’t and why,