This report was made possible through generous grants from the Arcus Foundation and the FordFoundation.The authors thank Brad Sears and other participants at various conferences for their helpful feedback andNaomi Goldberg for her assistance with preparing the report.
About the Authors
is a professor of economics and Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Social Policy atUniversity of Massachusetts Boston. Her research and teaching covers a broad range of economic policiesaffecting low-income women and families. She is the coauthor of the books
Glass Ceilings and
Bottomless Pits: Women’s Work, Women’s Poverty, Unlevel Playing Fields:
Understanding Wage Inequality and Wage Discrimination
The War on the Poor: A Defense Manual.
M.V. Lee Badgett
is Research Director at the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, and Director of the Center for Public Policy and Administration at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where she isalso on the faculty of the Department of Economics. She studies family policy and employmentdiscrimination related to sexual orientation.
is a Ph.D. student in Economics at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Herresearch interests are in the fields of sexual orientation discrimination and feminist labor economics.
Gary J. Gates
is the Williams Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Hestudies the demographic and economic characteristics of the lesbian and gay population.