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Community Trust Report

Community Trust Report

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Published by Michael_Lee_Roberts
Community Trust Report
Community Trust Report

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Published by: Michael_Lee_Roberts on Apr 08, 2013
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04/08/2013

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ChrisStiffler3/26/13
T
HEHIGHCOSTOF
I
MMIGRATIONENFORCEMENTIN
C
OLORADO
SocialandEconomicConsequencesofArticle29ofTitle29oftheColoradoRevisedStatutes(SB90)
 
3/26/20131
T
HEHIGHCOSTOF
I
MMIGRATIONENFORCEMENTIN
C
OLORADO
SocialandEconomicConsequencesofArticle29ofTitle29oftheColoradoRevisedStatutes(SB90)
Introduction
Imaginethatonyourwaytoworktomorrow,youarearrestedbylawenforcementanddetainedbyUnitesStatesImmigrationandCustomsEnforcement(ICE).Youdon’tknowhowmanydaysthedetentionwilllast.Whathappensatyourjob?Whowatchesyourchildren?Howdoyouputadollarfigureonthetimemissedfromworkorthetimeawayfromyourfamily?ThousandsofColoradoimmigrantseachyearfacetheseuncertaintiesastheresultofaColoradolaw,knownasSB90,whichrequireslocalpeaceofficersandagenciestoreportanyonearrestedforacriminaloffense,whotheyreasonablybelievetobeundocumented,toICE
BackgroundonArticle29ofTitle29oftheColoradoRevisedStatutes
Widelyviewedasaprecursortootheraggressivestateimmigrationenforcementmeasuressuchasthewell-publicizedSB-1070inArizona,Article29ofTitle29oftheColoradoRevisedStatues(SB90),
i
statesthatanytimealawenforcementofficialhasprobablecauseorreasonablebeliefthatapersonsuspectedofcommittingacrimeisinthecountryunlawfullytheymustnotifyICE.Thelawalsoprohibitslocalgovernmentsfromadoptingordinancesorpoliciesthatlimittheagency’sparticipationinimmigrationenforcementandgivesthestatedepartmentoflocalaffairstheabilitytowithholdfinancialassistancegrantstoanyjurisdictionconsideredtobeoutofcompliance.Sinceitspassagein2006,atotalof145,183ColoradoimmigrantshavebeenreportedtoICEthroughrequirementsunderthislaw.Onceasuspectisreported,ICEcanissueadetainerorholdrequestfortheperson.Adetainerinthiscontextisnotamandatoryjudicialhold,butratheranon-bindingrequest,issuedbyanadministrativeofficerofICE.
ii
Thelocaljailmaythenelecttoholdthepersonnamedinthedetainerforupto48hourstoallowICEtotakehimorherintocustody.PersonsreleasedtoICEaregenerallyheldatalocalholdingfacilitytoawaitfederalimmigrationproceedingsandusuallyendupbeingtransferredtotheGEOdetentionfacilityinAurora,Colorado.Inanearlierreport,CFIfoundthatasaresultofthis2006law,thousandsofimmigrantswerebeingarrested,heldanddetainedincountyjailsforlongperiodsoftimeforlow-leveloffenses,costingColoradotaxpayersandcommunitiesmillionsofdollarseachyearinjailanddetentionexpenses.ThisdespiteICE’sstatedintenttoprioritizedetentionandremovalofviolentoffenders
“Thecostsoflocalimmigrationenforcement,however,gowellbeyondthepoliceworkhours,administrativebookingfees,andincarcerationcosts.Whenwedetainimmigrantsforlow-leveloffensesthattypicallywouldnotresultinanyjailtime,weremoveanemployeefromanemployer,aparentandcaregiverfromachild,andataxpayerandconsumerfromthecommunity.”
 
3/26/20132whoposethegreatestdangertonationalsecurityandcommunitysafety.
iii
Inthatreport,westoppedshortofestimatingbeyondthestrictbudgetaryandfiscalcosts.Thecostsoflocalimmigrationenforcement,however,gowellbeyondthepoliceworkhours,administrativebookingfees,andincarcerationcosts.Whenwedetainimmigrantsforlow-leveloffensesthattypicallywouldnotresultinanyjailtime,weremoveanemployeefromanemployer,aparentandcaregiverfromachild,andataxpayerandconsumerfromthecommunity.Whenpeoplearedetained,theymissworkduringthedaysincarcerated(misseddaysworked)andalsofaceindirectconsequences(e.g.,losingtheirjobbecauseofthemissedweekofwork).FewerhoursworkedultimatelymeanslessmoneybeingspentintheColoradoeconomyaswellaslesstaxrevenuebeinggeneratedforbasicpublicservices.Inadditiontothedirectcostsaccruingtothestate,therearealsothepersonalcoststhateachindividualdetaineemustcontendwith.ThankstorecentrespondentdatacollectedbytheCampaigntoUniteColorado,wearenowinthepositiontopinpointthesebroadereconomicandsocialconsequencesoflocalimmigrationenforcementinColorado.FromSeptember15
th
toDecember15
th
of2012,theCampaigntoUniteColoradoranSpanishlanguageadsonEntravisionRadiostationsthroughoutthestatepublicizingastatewidehotlineaimedatcollectingstoriesofabusebetweenpublicsafetyofficialsandICE.Thepurposeofthehotlinewastodocumenttheharmfulimpactsthatlocalpolicecollaborationwithimmigrationofficialshaveoncommunitytrustandcommunitypolicingeffortsinthestate.Thedatasetcollectedthroughthehotlineincludesvitalinformationaboutimmigrantswhohavebeendetained,includingstatisticsregardingtheirage,occupation,whethertaxesarewithheldfrompaychecks,maritalstatus,children,daysspentindetention,andconsequencesofmissingwork.Fromthissample,ofhotlinecallerswithICEnotifications,weareabletocalculateaper-dayeconomiccostbytabulatingthelostwages,lostjobs,andchangingworkhabits.Withaccesstoanewandrobustsetofdatapoints,CFIcannowquantifyboththedirectandindirecteconomicconsequencesofSB90.Weareindebtedtotheemployees,volunteers,andcommunitieswhoarepartoftheCampaigntoUniteColoradoforhelpingtogatherthepersonalstoriesandinformationwithoutwhichthisreportwouldnotbepossible.Wearealsoextremelygratefultotheimmigrantcommunityforsharingtheirexperiencesthatprovideuswiththerobustdatatodetailthebroaderconsequencesoflocalimmigrationenforcement.ThesepersonalstorieshelpillustratethedynamicsatplaywhenColorado’sSB90forceslawenforcementofficialsoutoftheroleoflocalpeacekeeperandintotheroleofICEagent.
“Detainingpeopleforlow-levelinfractionswhileICEchecksimmigrationstatus,putsboththeindividualandpoliceonhold.”

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