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An Introduction to Marine Drilling

An Introduction to Marine Drilling

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Published by nlizarazo

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Published by: nlizarazo on Apr 08, 2013
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INTRODUCTION
TO
MARINE DRILLING
Malcolm Maclachlan
MNI,
Master Mariner
.
 
I’
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/j
i,
i
 THE ‘AUTHOR
Malcol~~M~~~achl~~,ur~s
 
bor$mDover,
England in 1947 and first worked
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at sea
attheage
 
offourmen
when he gained employment illegally on a cross-
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channel ferry through a ‘misunderstanding’ with the ship’s master. After 
training for three, years on the cadet ship HMS ‘Worcester’ he sailed as mid-
shipman
with the Blue Funnel Line and gained his second mate’s certificateat
theage
 
of20.
 
Heserved
as a’navigating officer with several deep sea and
coast@
shipping companies, and after qualifying as a Master Mariner heldcommand, of 
seven,
 
containerships
whilst still in his early thirties. He spent ayear lecturing in navigation and seamanship at Leith Nautical College before joining the British drilling contractor Houlder Offshore Limited as a control
room,operator/mate.
He served on the semi-submersible drilling rigs ‘HighSeas, Driller’ and ‘Kingsnorth UK’ in the North Sea and aboard the dynami-cally-positioned diving support vessel ‘Orelia’ in the Persian Gulf war zone.He has been writing and cartooning for many years and became a full-timemarine writer and illustrator in 1986, when he was a casualty of the wide-spread cut-backs in the drilling industry caused by the slumping oil price. Hehas
contrtbuted
many articles, short stories and drawings to various marine journals and is currently writing a novel set on a North Sea rig. Married witha young family, he lives in Biggar, Scotland.
2
 
CONTENTS
FOREWORD.........................................................................
7
PREFACE..............................................................................
8
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.......................................................
9
Chapter 1: The Development of Marine Rotary Drilling
11
Hand-dug wells
....................................................................
11
Spring pole drilling
................................................................
11
Cable tool drilling
...................
.:
............................................
13
Rotary drilling
.....................................................................
18
Marine drilling
.....................................................................
20
Chapter 2: Preparations for an Offshore Drilling Operation
25
The parties involved
..............................................................
25
The well owner 
.................................................................
27
The operator ....................................................................
27
The drilling contractor 
.......
..‘..
.............................................
28
The drilling contract
...........................................................
30
Supply and service companies
...............................................
31
Government departments....................................................
35
The costs of drilling offshore
...................................................
36
Well types
...........................................................................
42
Petroleuti
geology
................................................................
45
The formation of hydrocarbons
.............................................
46
Migration of hydrocarbons
...................................................
46
Reservoirs
........................................................................
47
Anticlines
........................................................................
47
Fault traps
.......................................................................
47
Stratigraphic
traps
.............................................................
49
,
Unconformity traps............................................................
49
Exploration methods.............................................
.‘...
.............
49
Offshore surveying techniques
.................................................
53
Magnetic surveys
...............................................................
53
Gravimetric surveys
...........................................................
53
Seismic surveys
.................................................................
53
Drilling rig site surveys
...........................................................
55
3
 
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