Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Kristeva 2007, Rethinking Normative Conscience

Kristeva 2007, Rethinking Normative Conscience



|Views: 241|Likes:
Published by hollstes

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: hollstes on Mar 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





The Task of the Intellectual Today
 Julia Kristeva
It is common knowledge that the “intellectual” is an Enlightenment gure whoseprototypes date back to the French encylopedists Rousseau, Voltaire, and Diderot.In the atermath o the crisis o religion to which these names are connected, thenineteenth and twentieth centuries gave rise to new orms o thought that wereto become the “human and social sciences” or, more simply, the “humanities.” These disciplines progressively ltered into the university, notably the Ameri-can university, though there remain “media personality” intellectuals outside theacademy committed to the same radical overhaul o thought. In taking over romtheology and philosophy, the humanities replaced the “divine” and the “human” with new objects o investigation: social bonds, the structures o kinship, ritesand myths, the psychic lie, the genesis o languages, and written works. We haveby these means acquired an unprecedented understanding — one that disturbscomplacency and hence meets with resistance and censorship o the richnessand risks o the human mind. Still, as promising as these territories are, thusconstituted they ragment human experience; heirs to metaphysics, they keepus rom identiying new objects o investigation. Crossing boundaries between
Common Knowledge
13:2-3DOI 10.1215/0961754X-2007-005© 2007 by Duke University Press
Symposium: A “Dictatorship of Relativism”?
   C   O   m   m   O   n    K   n   O   w   l   e   D   g   e
   2   2   0 
compartmentalized elds does not in itsel suce to construct the intellectuallie that we need now. What matters is that rom the outset the thinking subjectshould connect his thought to his being in the world through an aective “trans-erence” that is also political and ethical. In my own case, the clinical practiceo psychoanalysis, the writing o novels, and work in the social domain are not“commitments” additional to my theoretical and scholarly work. Rather, theseactivities are an extension o a mode o thinking at which I aim and which I con-ceive as an
in the Aristotelian sense: thought as act, the actualization o intelligence.In my experience to take the most relevant instance the interpreta-tion o texts and behavior, notably in the light o psychoanalysis, opens up anew approach to the world o religion.
 The discovery o the unconscious by Freud showed us that ar rom being “illusions” — while nevertheless being illu-sions religions, belies, and other orms o spirituality shelter, encourage, orexploit speciable psychic movements that allow the human being to become aspeaking subject and a source o culture or, conversely, a source o destruction. The reverence or law, the celebration o the paternal unction, and the role o maternal passion as the child’s sensorial and prelinguistic support are examples o this process at work. My analytic practice has convinced me that when a patientcomes or psychoanalysis, he is asking or a kind o orgiveness, not to ease hismalaise but to nd psychic or even physical rebirth. The new beginning madepossible through transerence and interpretation I call
: to give (and togive not just to onesel) a new sel, a new time, unoreseen ties. In this context, werecognize the complexity o the internal experience that religious aith cultivates,but we also bring to light the hate that takes the guise o lovers’ discourse, as wellas the death drive channeled to merciless wars and political vengeance. A new conception o the human is in the process o being constituted outo contributions rom elds in the humanities where transcendence is consideredimmanent. The new conception is o the human as synonymous with the desireor meaning, and o that desire as inseparable rom pleasure, which is rooted insexuality and which decrees both the sublimity o culture and the brutality o “acting out.” The intellectual today is conronted with a dicult, historic task commensurate with our now-dicult juncture in the history o civilization. Thetask is neither more nor less than to coax this new type o knowledge to emergeprogressively. In order to do so, we use the technical terms o our specic eldsbut without reducing them to their strict meaning, which is always too narrow. By positioning ourselves at the interace o the diverse disciplines o the humanities, we give ourselves the opportunity to clariy, even i only a little, the enigmas wehave still to comprehend: psychosis, murderous hate, the war o male and emale,maternal madness, nihilism, passion, sublimation, and belie.

Activity (18)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Shivaun Weybury liked this
DongMinLee liked this
bruno neiva liked this
cezarascrib liked this
wasuse liked this
wasuse liked this
ciubancanbia liked this
bec61974 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->