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Critical Infrastructure White House Directive 2013

Critical Infrastructure White House Directive 2013

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Published by mary eng

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Published by: mary eng on Apr 09, 2013
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THE WHITE HOUSEOffice of the Press SecretaryEMBARGOED UNTIL DELIVERY OF THE PRESIDENT'S February 12, 2013STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESSFebruary 12, 2013PRESIDENTIAL POLICY DIRECTIVE/PPD-21SUBJECT: Critical Infrastructure Security and ResilienceThe Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) on CriticalInfrastructure Security and Resilience advances a national unityof effort to strengthen and maintain secure, functioning, andresilient critical infrastructure.
The Nation's critical infrastructure provides the essentialservices that underpin American society. Proactive andcoordinated efforts are necessary to strengthen and maintainsecure, functioning, and resilient critical infrastructure
 including assets, networks, and systems
that are vital topublic confidence and the Nation's safety, prosperity, and well-being.The Nation's critical infrastructure is diverse and complex. Itincludes distributed networks, varied organizational structuresand operating models (including multinational ownership),interdependent functions and systems in both the physical spaceand cyberspace, and governance constructs that involve multi-level authorities, responsibilities, and regulations. Criticalinfrastructure owners and operators are uniquely positioned tomanage risks to their individual operations and assets, and todetermine effective strategies to make them more secure andresilient.Critical infrastructure must be secure and able to withstand andrapidly recover from all hazards. Achieving this will requireintegration with the national preparedness system acrossprevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery.This directive establishes national policy on criticalinfrastructure security and resilience. This endeavor is ashared responsibility among the Federal, state, local, tribal,and territorial (SLTT) entities, and public and private ownersand operators of critical infrastructure (herein referred to as"critical infrastructure owners and operators"). This directivealso refines and clarifies the critical infrastructure-relatedfunctions, roles, and responsibilities across the FederalGovernment, as well as enhances overall coordination andcollaboration. The Federal Government also has a responsibilityto strengthen the security and resilience of its own criticalinfrastructure, for the continuity of national essentialfunctions, and to organize itself to partner effectively withand add value to the security and resilience efforts of criticalinfrastructure owners and operators.
It is the policy of the United States to strengthen the securityand resilience of its critical infrastructure against bothphysical and cyber threats. The Federal Government shall workwith critical infrastructure owners and operators and SLTTentities to take proactive steps to manage risk and strengthenthe security and resilience of the Nation's criticalinfrastructure, considering all hazards that could have adebilitating impact on national security, economic stability,public health and safety, or any combination thereof. Theseefforts shall seek to reduce vulnerabilities, minimizeconsequences, identify and disrupt threats, and hasten responseand recovery efforts related to critical infrastructure.The Federal Government shall also engage with internationalpartners to strengthen the security and resilience of domesticcritical infrastructure and critical infrastructure locatedoutside of the United States on which the Nation depends.U.S. efforts shall address the security and resilience ofcritical infrastructure in an integrated, holistic manner toreflect this infrastructure's interconnectedness andinterdependency. This directive also identifies energy andcommunications systems as uniquely critical due to the enablingfunctions they provide across all critical infrastructuresectors.Three strategic imperatives shall drive the Federal approach tostrengthen critical infrastructure security and resilience:1)
Refine and clarify functional relationships across the FederalGovernment to advance the national unity of effort tostrengthen critical infrastructure security and resilience;2)
Enable effective information exchange by identifying baselinedata and systems requirements for the Federal Government; and
Implement an integration and analysis function to informplanning and operations decisions regarding criticalinfrastructure.All Federal department and agency heads are responsible for theidentification, prioritization, assessment, remediation, andsecurity of their respective internal critical infrastructurethat supports primary mission essential functions. Suchinfrastructure shall be addressed in the plans and execution ofthe requirements in the National Continuity Policy.Federal departments and agencies shall implement this directivein a manner consistent with applicable law, Presidentialdirectives, and Federal regulations, including those protectingprivacy, civil rights, and civil liberties. In addition,Federal departments and agencies shall protect all informationassociated with carrying out this directive consistent withapplicable legal authorities and policies.
Roles and Responsibilities
Effective implementation of this directive requires a nationalunity of effort pursuant to strategic guidance from theSecretary of Homeland Security. That national effort mustinclude expertise and day-to-day engagement from the Sector-Specific Agencies (SSAs) as well as the specialized or supportcapabilities from other Federal departments and agencies, and
3strong collaboration with critical infrastructure owners andoperators and SLTT entities. Although the roles andresponsibilities identified in this directive are directed atFederal departments and agencies, effective partnerships withcritical infrastructure owners and operators and SLTT entitiesare imperative to strengthen the security and resilience of theNation's critical infrastructure.Secretary of Homeland SecurityThe Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide strategicguidance, promote a national unity of effort, and coordinate theoverall Federal effort to promote the security and resilience ofthe Nation's critical infrastructure. In carrying out theresponsibilities assigned in the Homeland Security Act of 2002,as amended, the Secretary of Homeland Security evaluatesnational capabilities, opportunities, and challenges inprotecting critical infrastructure; analyzes threats to,vulnerabilities of, and potential consequences from all hazardson critical infrastructure; identifies security and resiliencefunctions that are necessary for effective public-privateengagement with all critical infrastructure sectors; develops anational plan and metrics, in coordination with SSAs and othercritical infrastructure partners; integrates and coordinatesFederal cross-sector security and resilience activities;identifies and analyzes key interdependencies among criticalinfrastructure sectors; and reports on the effectiveness ofnational efforts to strengthen the Nation's security andresilience posture for critical infrastructure.Additional roles and responsibilities for the Secretary ofHomeland Security include:1)
Identify and prioritize critical infrastructure, consideringphysical and cyber threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences,in coordination with SSAs and other Federal departments andagencies;2)
Maintain national critical infrastructure centers that shallprovide a situational awareness capability that includesintegrated, actionable information about emerging trends,imminent threats, and the status of incidents that may impactcritical infrastructure;3)
In coordination with SSAs and other Federal departments andagencies, provide analysis, expertise, and other technicalassistance to critical infrastructure owners and operators andfacilitate access to and exchange of information andintelligence necessary to strengthen the security andresilience of critical infrastructure;4)
Conduct comprehensive assessments of the vulnerabilities ofthe Nation's critical infrastructure in coordination with theSSAs and in collaboration with SLTT entities and criticalinfrastructure owners and operators;5)
Coordinate Federal Government responses to significant cyberor physical incidents affecting critical infrastructureconsistent with statutory authorities;6)
Support the Attorney General and law enforcement agencies withtheir responsibilities to investigate and prosecute threats toand attacks against critical infrastructure;7)
Coordinate with and utilize the expertise of SSAs and otherappropriate Federal departments and agencies to mapgeospatially, image, analyze, and sort critical infrastructureby employing commercial satellite and airborne systems, aswell as existing capabilities within other departments andagencies; and

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